Social protection through work in lower-income countries: an assessment framework

Extending social protection to the rural population in lower-income countries is a global priority, with both workfare and welfare playing significant roles. Workfare makes transfers to beneficiaries subject to their meeting work requirements, whereas welfare programmes do so unconditionally or subject to conditions not related to labour. Although workfare schemes are more costly, they are often put forward as a favoured option for supporting the rural working poor.