Social protection for informal construction sector workers: Case Cambodia

The construction industry in Cambodia employs between 200.000 and 250.000 workers. It consists of complex sub-contracting arrangements. Large firms, often foreign companies tend to operate in the formal sector but only employ a small number of staff.

One of these large firms will subcontract 10 local companies, one for cement work, another for electrical work, etc. These 10 companies then in turn subcon-tract another 100 local enterprises. The construction value chain is so long that the workers on the ground do not necessarily have any idea which firm should register and pay contributions for them to the NSSF.