Social protection for extreme temperatures: Experiences from the UK, USA and France - Short Case Studies

Climate risks related to extreme temperatures in urban areas have seldom been studied, and their impacts on the most vulnerable people are not always considered in disaster response or social protection (SP) programmes. To understand how SP policies and programmes can help tackle some of the impacts of these risks, we conducted an analysis of how they address people’s vulnerabilities when exposed to cold waves in three high-income contexts: New York in the United States, London in the United Kingdom and Paris in France. While the findings of these case studies might best inform policies and programmes in medium- and high-income urban contexts, they can also serve to guide practices in other urban areas of the Global South.