Seeking Justice for Informal Workers During the COVID-19 Second Wave: Analysing social protection during the pandemic from April - June 2021

This report analyses the social protection extended by state governments to urban informal workers during the second wave of the pandemic in India. These include orders and schemes announced between 1 April 2021 to 10 June 2021—the peak of the second wave. The workers focussed on are construction workers, domestic workers, street vendors and waste-pickers—accounting for the highest number of workers within the urban informal economy. This analysis is based on orders and schemes announced by 10 states (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh). The report also provides an analysis of important initiatives by states (other than the 10 identified) and the central government that are important relief and social protection measures. These relief measures at the central and state level broadly cover the following three categories of social protection—food security, livelihood security (cash transfers, loans, essential service declarations, pensions) and health and safety.