The role of ODA in delivering social protection in Kenya

Official development assistance (ODA) is facing unparalleled pressures from growing, competing demands including humanitarian and crisis response, national development priorities, and investment in global public goods (such as tackling climate change), among others. Development Initiatives (DI) seeks to highlight the value of ODA in programmes that are national priorities to recipient countries. In addition, DI aims to enhance the understanding of enabling factors that contribute to improving aid impact. Led by national demand for international finance data and evidence on its most appropriate use, DI embarked on producing a series of country case study reports to consider how aid has been more effective in specific development sectors in Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda, including trends, the factors that unlock the value of aid, and the challenges that lie ahead. This country report for Kenya provides evidence on the role and contribution of official development assistance (ODA) in the delivery of social assistance programmes. It first provides a background and overview of ODA disbursements to Kenya – both generally and specifically to the social protection sector. Then, drawing on secondary data obtained from various impact evaluation studies and key informant interviews, the report sheds light on how ODA and other factors have enabled the establishment and implementation of three specific social assistance programmes: Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CT-OVC) • Hunger Safety Net Programme (HSNP) • Home-Grown School Meals Programme (HGSM).