The potential of Nepal’s social security allowance schemes to support emergency flood response

As such, the aim of this study is to assess the potential of using the SSA system to respond to floods in the immediate future (taking a two-year timeframe). The Terms of Reference provided by UNICEF for this study specified that the scope of the research would not examine the role of the SSA system in responding to shocks more broadly, nor its role over a longer timeframe. The study complements other ongoing work on the role of social protection in responding to emergencies in the country (see Slater et al., 2018) and forms part of a larger UNICEF project funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) aimed at generating new policy-relevant evidence to strengthen the preparedness of Nepal’s SSA schemes for disaster response.

The study comes at a particularly critical time in Nepal, given the recent changes brought in by the 2017 Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) Act and the transition to a federal state. While on the one hand this provides unique opportunities to shape policy, it also poses challenges as some of the roles and responsibilities of local government relating to both emergency and SSA interventions are in flux during this transition period.