Paradigm of Disaster Risk Reduction: A Comparative Study of Five Asian Countries

Disasters are a true litmus test of risk governance. Many attributes of governance interplay in disasters before, during and after a situation. Risk governance is the exercise of political, economic, and administrative authority in the management of a country’s affairs at all levels. This study aims to analyze the national policy and mechanism of disaster risk reduction and risk governance in five Asian countries (i.e., Japan, India, China, Philippines, and Thailand) using the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 and documents for data collection. This study briefly analyzes the disaster risk reduction mechanism and governance of disaster risks that influence the way in which national and subnational actors (including governments, parliamentarians, public servants, the media, the private sector, and civil society organizations) are willing and able to coordinate their actions to manage and reduce disaster-related risk. This study also contextualizes the disaster risk reduction policies of these five countries in the light of the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 and also with the Sendai Framework for DRR 2015-2030.