Non-contributory social protection through a child and equity lens in Bahrain

The Kingdom of Bahrain is a small archipelago in the Persian Gulf. With approximately 1.4 million inhabitants, Bahrain has the second smallest population in the region, after Djibouti. In 2016 about a quarter of the population (334,791) were younger than 18 years of age, and 7.5 per cent (106,770) were children under the age of 5. More than half of the population are non-Bahraini, coming mostly from South and South-East Asia. The country has made considerable progress in child health over recent decades: the under-5 mortality rate fell from 23 to 6 deaths per 1,000 live births between 1990 and 2015, the lowest in the region.