Les transferts monétaires pour renforcer les moyens de subsistance des ménages vulnérables et prévenir le travail des enfants au Burkina Faso

Despite measures taken both at the international and national level, child labour is a persistent reality in Burkina Faso. The factors behind the prevalence of child labour in the country are numerous and interconnected. They are linked to socioeconomic, cultural, educational, political, and disaster-related circumstances. Hence, social protection programmes offer a promising opportunity to sustain the income and livelihood of mothers and households in situations of vulnerability. This can provide them with new sources of revenue and incentives to stop child labour and facilitate schooling. In this context, FAO, in partnership with the International Labour Organization, implemented a conditional cash transfer programme between 2019 and 2023 within a project funded by the European Union called “CLEAR Cotton: Elimination of child labour and forced labour in cotton, textile and value chains”. This promising practice fact sheet describes the design, implementation and lessons learned of the project, which sought to establish a partnership between the agriculture, education, and social sectors. The approach implemented was based on the use of cash transfers conditional to the integration of children into the formal educational system. This assistance modality was associated with awareness-raising on child labour, promotion of children's access to the school and support in establishing new sources of income.