Learning from the integration of social protection and nutrition in Eastern and Southern Africa: Addressing Child Poverty, Nutrition, and Protection through the Nutrition Improvements through Cash and Health Education (NICHE) programme in Kenya

Poverty is highly prevalent in Kenya with 42% of children living in monetary poverty and 53% living in multidimensional poverty. By February 2022, 3.5 million people in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) were severely food insecure, following dry spells from five consecutive poor seasonal rainfall performances. While levels of stunting and wasting have fallen in recent years, both remain a problem at 26% and 7% respectively. Rates of stunting are very high in counties such as Kitui and West Pokot (46%) and child wasting levels regularly reach 20% in the ASAL counties. This is one of a series of case studies that aim to provide internal learning for UNICEF on the linkages between social protection and maternal and child nutrition programming. This case study explores how Kenya’s Nutrition Improvements through Cash and Health Education (NICHE) programme targets vulnerable households with cash, nutrition counselling and child protection services to address multiple determinants of child undernutrition and vulnerability.