Jobs in a crisis: Principles of effective public employment programmes

This brief outlines the role of public employment programmes (PEPs) in overall economic crisis response with reference to the COVID-19 pandemic. Unemployment has spiked in developing countries, due to COVID-19 mitigation measures, such as national lockdowns and the indirect effects of the economic global shock from the pandemic. PEPs often form part of countries’ recovery plans after economic shocks such as COVID-19 and can be a policy tool to provide social protection, create jobs and provide public infrastructure. This brief focuses on two initiatives in Rwanda that function as PEPs, including the Vision Umurenge Program and a school construction programme, but also draws on international experience, to outline principles for effective public employment programmes.