Integrating Social Health Protection Systems: Lessons learned - Costa Rica, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Rwanda, and Vietnam

Social health protection (SHP) designates a series of public or publicly organized and mandated private measures to ensure effective and affordable access to health care as well as income security in case of sickness (ILO 2008). This brief focusses on SHP schemes to ensure effective access to health care. Several countries have moved towards integrated SHP systems with a single pool or with a single institution managing different pools. This brief summarizes the main features and lessons learned of the experiences of Costa Rica, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR), Rwanda, and Vietnam.