Integrating Income, Employment Support and Care in Latin America: A Gender Perspective

The integration of activating measures within unemployment and social assistance schemes has become a key component in fostering decent work opportunities in countries of the Global South. This policy shift is in line with recommendations from international organizations and some streams of the academic literature. It promotes a common framework to address both social and labour market exclusion. However, the potential for these approaches to address gender inequalities remains somewhat unexplored, particularly beyond the Global North. Furthermore, the integration of policies has been implemented through various approaches potentially yielding distinct impacts on poverty, employment and gender equality. Consequently, the examination of both conceptual and practical applications of integrated approaches beyond countries in the Global North is worthy of consideration. Understanding access to social protection as a human right, this text discusses the challenges and possibilities of integrating active labour market policies (ALMPs) into social protection frameworks. It emphasizes the role of employing an integrated approach in providing women with both protection and opportunities to pursue sustainable ways of living. The reflections presented in this text do not aim to argue for a reduction in income support but rather discuss the need to combine it with quality social services and labour market policies.