Impact of the United Republic of Tanzania’s Productive Social Safety Net on Child Labour and Education

In the United Republic of Tanzania, nearly 30 per cent of children engage in child labour. About 30 per cent of children do not attend school and another 20 per cent combine school and work. Although state schools do not charge fees, households still face schooling costs, including for uniforms, shoes, books and school materials. With funding from the United States Department of Labor, researchers at the UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti examined whether the PSSN leads to improved schooling and reduced engagement in child labour. To do so, the research team combined a quantitative impact evaluation with a qualitative study involving children and caregivers.