The Gambia: Social Safety Nets Diagnostic

Despite The Gambia’s natural geographical advantages on the West coast of Africa, it remains one of the poorest countries in sub-Saharan Africa, with per capita income of roughly US$473 and almost half (48.6 percent) of the population estimated to be poor. This estimate of the poverty rate is similar to the 2010 level (when 48.1 percent of the population was estimated to be poor). However, due to population growth during this period, there was an increase in the number of poor from 0.79 million in 2010 to 0.94 million in 2015. The gap between urban and rural areas is increasing with approximately 69.5 percent of the country’s poor residing in rural areas. The Gambia lies toward the bottom of the UN Human Development Index in 173rd position out of 188 countries in 2017.