Fiscal Challenges to Financing Social Protection to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals:

A Case of Three Countries

This working paper presents an analysis of the fiscal challenges faced by Mongolia, Myanmar, and Timor-Leste in meeting the social protection-related targets of the Sustainable Development Goals. These three countries represent diverse social, political, and economic contexts that are also faced by the other ADB developing member countries. This paper presents possible options to mobilize new public resources for social protection, as well as contributions of different types of social protection systems to close the social protection gaps. It is part of a larger study, Asia’s Fiscal Challenge: Financing the Social Protection Agenda of the Sustainable Development Goals.