Extending Social Health Protection in Pakistan: Accelerating progress towards Universal Health Coverage

Pakistan has a public health care system which, in principle, can be accessed by all citizens. However, Pakistan lags behind other countries in the region in terms of health indicators. For example, the probability of dying from cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease between the age of 30 and 70 (SDG 3.4.1) was 29.41 per cent in 2019, which is higher than the corresponding figures for India (21.9 per cent) and Bangladesh (18.9 per cent) (WHO n.d. a). Furthermore, Pakistan’s 2019 average of 13 International Health Regulations core capacity scores was 51.04, whereas neighbouring countries, India and Bangladesh, scored 95.28 and 77.75 respectively (WHO n.d. a). These results demonstrate that Pakistan still needs to improve its health outcomes through concerted efforts towards enhancing social health protection for its population.

This country brief is part of the country briefs series: Social Protection in action: building social protection floors for all.