Extending Social Health Protection in Cambodia: Accelerating progress towards Universal Health Coverage

Cambodia has experienced more than two decades of solid economic growth, at an average rate of 7.7 percent from 1995–2017 (World Bank 2021). With a GDP per capita of US$1,643.12 in 2019 and a GDP growth rate sustained above 5 percent over the past 10 years, Cambodia was reclassified from a low-income to a lower-middle-income country in 2016 (World Bank n.d.). However, in 2014, around 13.5 percent of Cambodia’s population were living below the poverty line, and the country faces significant wealth inequality. To address this, efforts to improve social protection have been forthcoming. Specifically, in 2017, the government launched the National Social Protection Policy Framework (NSPPF) for the period 2016 ̶ 2025 to prevent and reduce poverty, vulnerability and inequality by strengthening and expanding social security and social assistance.

This country brief is part of the country briefs series: Social Protection in action: building social protection floors for all.