Exploring the Livelihoods of Women Refugees in Turkey: A Qualitative Study on the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) Applicants

A remote focus group discussion report

In the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) series conducted under the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) programme, this study aimed at exploring the understanding of refugee women under temporary and international protection about participating in the labour market, the opportunities available for them, and the challenges faced from the perspectives of the ESSN applicants. The study is based on ten remote FGDs conducted in September 2020 with 35 ineligible and 24 eligible women from five provinces, namely Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Gaziantep, and Hatay. Data collection was undertaken by the Turkish Red Crescent (TRC), adhering to the COVID-19 measures and in a way that minimized physical contact. Participants were able to access group discussions via mobile devices provided by the field teams. Data analysis was done jointly by the TRC and IFRC Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) teams and supported with a desk-based literature review.