Executive Summary: Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity perspective

In this executive summary we present the study and list the core findings of the topics discussed in it, highlighting policy recommendations in bold. As described in depth in section 1, our statistical analysis should not be generalised without consideration of the selection biases inherent in a comparative exercise like ours. Specifically, our study has no benchmark to estimate the representativeness of the programmes we included in our sample. As indicated in Box 1, a striking gap in our study is that its scope is limited to flagship programmes led by national governments; therefore, it does not take subnational initiatives into consideration. This gap is particularly harmful to the accurate representation of the social protection systems of large countries, such as India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, which have hundreds of initiatives at state or province level; therefore, their social protection systems are underrepresented in studies like ours.