Evaluation of Fiji, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu’s Social Protection Policies post-2008 Global Economic Crisis (GEC)
Asian Development Bank (ADB) (2010) estimates that more than 70 million people in the Asian and Pacific region would have escaped the $2-a-day poverty threshold in 2009 if growth rates had remained at the 2007 levels. However, the global economic crisis (GEC) in the late 2008 and again the second stage of crisis in 2011, has had negative impacts at both the macro and micro economic levels (ESCAP, 2012). ADB (2010) highlighted that such macro events have led to devastating short-term and long-lasting impacts on poor families and those who have been pushed into poverty as a result of the GEC. In response to the threats posed by the global economic crisis, there have been calls for increased and improved social protection policies at the global, regional and national level and the respective governments to play a leading role in the initiation of such policies.
This research paper provides an overview of the social protection system within the case studied countries Fiji, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu and evaluates whether these countries have progressed with their social protection policies to promote inclusive growth.