Establishing an Adaptive Social Protection System in Angola

Angola is a middle-income country, but it has high poverty and vulnerability levels. In urban areas, households living in poverty or vulnerable to poverty are significantly more likely to be women-headed households, less likely to have access to adequate housing, and rely on self-employment. The country is affected by significant climate-related and price shocks. An analysis of drought hotspots indicates that the south and southwest regions of Angola are highly vulnerable to droughts, which have recently become more prolonged and persistent. Analysis also indicates that the most significant human impacts of flooding in Angola are associated with riverine flooding in socioeconomically vulnerable areas in Cunene, Namibe, Moxico, and Benguela provinces. In addition to climate-related shocks, the population in Angola is also affected by price shocks caused by a range of local and global factors. By providing additional income, safety net programs help poor households prepare for and cope with shocks. vulnerable households cope with and respond to shocks. Adaptive social protection systems respond to shocks by combining the regular safety net programs with a mechanism that allows its expansion primarily in two ways: vertical expansion; and horizontal expansion. To establish a long-term adaptive safety net system, it needs to be incorporated in key policy frameworks, establish a sustainable financing strategy, enhance monitoring and data management, and ensure appropriate coordination mechanisms.