Climate Change and Social Resilience: The limits of social protection in Mauritius

According to the World Bank (2020), Small States face unique development challenges. Due to their small population and economic base, these countries are particularly vulnerable to exogenous shocks, such as natural disasters and climate change. They usually depend on other larger economies for import of goods and even services and on foreign aid to achieve major socio-economic objectives. Climate change accentuates the exposure of small African states to natural hazards and severe natural calamities.

The focus of this brief shall be on the Republic of Mauritius as a small state in the face of climate change. As we will see, despite having the most comprehensive system of social protection in Africa, Mauritius is finding it more and more difficult to counter the effects of climate change and to sustain a universal social protection system.