Building Climate Resilience for Women in Extreme Poverty: Adaptations and Policy Recommendations from the Government of Tunisia’s Pilot Graduation Program

Climate change, poverty, and gender are inextricably interconnected. As climate change worsens it compounds systemic inequalities and exacerbates poverty, food insecurity, and injustice, especially for women and girls. Governments must adopt an integrated approach to addressing the climate crisis, with an intentional focus on building resilience for women living in poverty. Countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region are particularly vulnerable to climate shocks such as water scarcity, rising temperatures, desertification, and population movement. These factors pose a range of harmful effects on land productivity, human health, migration, and gender dynamics. Tunisia will be among the 33 countries most likely to experience water stress or scarcity by 2040, which is expected to most acutely impact populations living in poverty, particularly women and farmers.