Beyond the goal of eradicating absolute poverty in China: relative poverty indicators and social security policies

Despite the impact of COVID19, China still aims to eradicate extreme rural poverty in 2020 or shortly thereafter. Moreover, China has made clear its commitment to continue an ambitious poverty alleviation and social protection agenda that will in future embrace urban as well as rural poverty. The Communique of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued in October 2019 proposes addressing relative poverty and commits to improving social assistance, and to providing higher quality employment, education offering lifelong learning, health guarantees and comprehensive social security