Adaptive social protection: mapping the evidence and policy context in the agriculture sector in South Asia

The concept of Adaptive Social Protection (ASP) refers to a series of measures which aims to build resilience of the poorest and most vulnerable people to climate change by combining elements of social protection (SP), disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) in programmes and projects. Using analysis of 124 agricultural programmes implemented in five countries in south Asia - Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan, this paper aims to to provide an initial assessment of the ways in which these elements are being brought together in development policy and practice. The authors argue that full integration of SP, DRR and CCA is relatively limited in south Asia, but there has been significant progress in combining SP and DRR in the last ten years. Projects that combine elements of SP, DRR and CCA tend to emphasise poverty and vulnerability reduction goals relative to those that do not. Such approaches can provide valuable lessons for the promotion of climate resilient livelihoods amongst policymakers and practitioners, and that projects and programmes promoting climate resilient livelihoods in south Asia can benefit from taking an ASP approach.