Adapting Social Protection to FCV and Insecurity: The Case of the Democratic Republic of Congo

The Eastern Recovery Project (STEP) has offered the primary platform for delivering social safety net (SSN) support in response to different shocks and overlapping crises in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). STEP has been operating successfully since its launch in 2014, evolving and adapting from a project designed to support post-conflict stabilization and recovery in Eastern DRC to a comprehensive shock-responsive SSN system aimed at building resilience and protecting human capital against the full spectrum of fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV) nationwide.

This paper presents an in-depth analysis of STEP’s evolution by identifying and discussing key operational adaptations to (i) project design, (ii) delivery chain, (iii) monitoring, implementation, and partnership, and (iv) World Bank’s supervision. Drawing lessons learned from the analysis, the paper suggests operational options to adapt current and future social protection engagements in FCV.