Access to Social Protection by People Living with, at Risk of, or Afected by HIV in Eswatini, Malawi, Tanzania, and Zambia: Results from Population‑Based HIV Impact Assessments

We aimed to measure social protection coverage among the general population, women and men living with HIV (WLHIV, MLHV), female and male sex workers (FSW, MSW), men who have sex with men (MSM), adolescent girls young women (AGYW), and orphans vulnerable children (OVC) in Eswatini, Malawi, Tanzania, and Zambia. We used Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment data. We operationalised social protection benefts as external economic support from private and public sources to the household in the last three or 12 months. In Malawi and Zambia, social protection coverage among OVC, AGYW, SW, MSM, and people living with HIV (PLHIV) was similar to the general population. In Eswatini, more AGWY reported receiving social projection benefts than older women and more men not living with HIV reported receiving social protection benefts than MLHIV. In Tanzania, more WLHIV than women not living with HIV, MLHIV than men not living with HIV, and FSW than women who were not sex workers reported receiving social protection benefts. More data on access to social protection benefts by PLHIV or afected by HIV are needed to estimate better their social protection coverage.