Last updated: 04/3/2024

Basic Information

Country
Geographic area
Population group
Children, Ethnic groups

Programme Details

Coverage
As of 2018, 87% of the Vietnamese population is covered by all social health mecanisms. In 2017,80.74% of the groups fully subsidized were covered by the social health insurance.
References
(i) WHO Vietnam. Health Financing. https://www.who.int/vietnam/health-topics/health-financing. Accessed on 31 August 2023 (ii) Nguyen LH and Hoang ATD. 2017. Willingness to Pay for Social Health Insurance in Central Vietnam. Front. Public Health 5:89. Accessible at https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2017.00089. Accessed on 04/03/2024.

Targeting and eligiblity

Targeting methods
Proxy Means Test
Categorical Targeting
References
Cuong, N.V. and Duc, L.T. 2016. Testing Proxy Means Tests in the Field: Evidence from Vietnam. < https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/80002/1/MPRA_paper_80002.pdf >(accessed 22 May 2018).
Targeted areas
Nationwide
Target groups
Poor, near-poor, children, ethnic groups, other social assistance beneficiaries.
Eligibility criteria
Full subsidy to poor households, near-poor who have recently escpaed poverty, children under 6, ethnic minotirties in disadvantaged regions and social assistance beneficiaries. Partial subsidies (70%) to school children, near-poor, and average and lower income farmers.
Eligibility reassessment (if any)
Though households’ income status is to be recertified yearly, households transitioning out of poverty can retain their health benefits for up to three years.
References
Vietnam: Approaches to covering poor, vulnerable, and informal populations to achieve universal health coverage < http://www.jointlearningnetwork.org/resources/download/get_file/ZW50cnlfaWQ6MzUzOHxmaWVsZF9uYW1lOnJlc291cmNlX2ZpbGV8dHlwZTpmaWxl > Accessed 23 August 2018.

Coverage and other information

Type of benefits
Health care services.
Payment/delivery frequency
Upon demand.
Benefit delivery mechanism
The poor are registered by Provincial Social Security and their cards are printed and sent to the District Social Security (DSS) which delivers them to the beneficiaries. The near-poor go through a similar process, tough they must pay their premium contribution to DSS before receiving their cards; they can also register in-person at VSS offices. Services are delivered at health facilities selected by the government.
References
Nguyen LH and Hoang ATD (2017) Willingness to Pay for Social Health Insurance in Central Vietnam. Front. Public Health 5:89. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00089 Vietnam: Approaches to covering poor, vulnerable, and informal populations to achieve universal health coverage < http://www.jointlearningnetwork.org/resources/download/get_file/ZW50cnlfaWQ6MzUzOHxmaWVsZF9uYW1lOnJlc291cmNlX2ZpbGV8dHlwZTpmaWxl > Accessed 23 August 2018.
Benefit recipients
Patients.
Minimum and maximum duration of benefits (if any)
Households transitioning out of poverty can retain their health benefits for up to three years.
References
Vietnam: Approaches to covering poor, vulnerable, and informal populations to achieve universal health coverage < http://www.jointlearningnetwork.org/resources/download/get_file/ZW50cnlfaWQ6MzUzOHxmaWVsZF9uYW1lOnJlc291cmNlX2ZpbGV8dHlwZTpmaWxl > Accessed 23 August 2018.
Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
The Ministry of Health is in charge of monitoring and evaluating SHI as well as reporting on the scheme’s performance to the National Assembly of Vietnam. However, in-depth reporting on equity and efficiency is not conducted.
References
Vietnam: Approaches to covering poor, vulnerable, and informal populations to achieve universal health coverage < http://www.jointlearningnetwork.org/resources/download/get_file/ZW50cnlfaWQ6MzUzOHxmaWVsZF9uYW1lOnJlc291cmNlX2ZpbGV8dHlwZTpmaWxl > Accessed 23 August 2018.