Last updated: 27/10/2021

Basic Information

Country
Geographic area
Population Group
Children, Women, Mothers

Programme Details

Programme objectives

To enhance the country’s social safety net and to contribute to reducing poverty and achieving Yemen’s development goals

Legal framework: Law no. 10 of 1997

Note: Since 2015 the programme has suffered severe funding problems due to the conflict. However, SFD continued its mandate, specifically the CFW programme, with World Bank funding via UNDP. Information provided in this profile refers to programme design features and characteristics as they were until 2015. Please note that brief mentions to changes made after 2015 are included to reflect the programme’s shock-responsiveness.

 

References
SFD. 2015. Annual Report 2015. Sana’a: Social Fund for Development. Accessed 28 July 2017. <http://sfd.sfd-yemen.org/uploads/issues/Annual%20Report%202015%20 with%20W&E%20amends%20-06%20Aug%202017-20170806-122356.pdf>. SFD. n.d. “Social Fund for Development.” Social Fund for Development website. Accessed 28 July 2017. <http://www.sfd-yemen.org/index.php> World Bank. 2017. Yemen Emergency Crisis Response Project (P159053). Implementation Status & Results Report. ISR27829. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 24 July 2017. <https://goo.gl/S7bTcs>.
Programme components
i. Four key areas: a) labour-intensive cash-for-work programmes; b) capacity-building; c) small and medium-sized enterprise development; d) community development. ii. Conditional cash transfers and an integrated nutrition intervention for pregnant women and mothers with young children were introduced in 2014 (1)
References
SFD. 2015. Annual Report 2015. Sana’a: Social Fund for Development. Accessed 28 July 2017. <http://sfd.sfd-yemen.org/uploads/issues/Annual%20Report%202015%20 with%20W&E%20amends%20-06%20Aug%202017-20170806-122356.pdf>.
Start date
1997
References
SFD. 2015. Annual Report 2015. Sana’a: Social Fund for Development. Accessed 28 July 2017. <http://sfd.sfd-yemen.org/uploads/issues/Annual%20Report%202015%20 with%20W&E%20amends%20-06%20Aug%202017-20170806-122356.pdf>.
Conditionalities (if any)
ii. CCT: participation in nutrition and health awareness activities
References
SFD. 2015. Annual Report 2015. Sana’a: Social Fund for Development. Accessed 28 July 2017. <http://sfd.sfd-yemen.org/uploads/issues/Annual%20Report%202015%20 with%20W&E%20amends%20-06%20Aug%202017-20170806-122356.pdf>.
Coverage
Total beneficiaries of SFD projects in 2015: 1 million direct beneficiaries (women represent 52 per cent) i. CFW between 2011 and 2015: 1,058,283 direct beneficiaries (162,810 households); in 2015: 173,587 direct beneficiaries from wages (26,706 households); in total, between mid-2016 and May 2017: 40,845 benefited from wage employment, of which 31 per cent were female, 39 per cent were IDPs/returnees and 57 per cent were aged between 16 and 35; total target for June 2019: 400,000 ii. CCT and integrated nutrition interventions in 2015: some 4,000 women took part in the communities’ health awareness and malnutrition schemes Number of children covered: CCT and integrated nutrition interventions: between mid-2016 and May 2017: 17,612 women and children received nutrition services and cash transfers; target for June 2019: 85,000 beneficiaries (50,000 women and 35,000 children)
References
SFD. 2015. Annual Report 2015. Sana’a: Social Fund for Development. Accessed 28 July 2017. <http://sfd.sfd-yemen.org/uploads/issues/Annual%20Report%202015%20 with%20W&E%20amends%20-06%20Aug%202017-20170806-122356.pdf>. World Bank. 2017. Yemen Emergency Crisis Response Project (P159053). Implementation Status & Results Report. ISR27829. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 24 July 2017. <https://goo.gl/S7bTcs>.
Programme expenditure
Total until 2015: USD1.12 billion committed by 14 donors (SFD Phase IV), with 20 per cent government contribution Current situation (during conflict): World Bank granted a total of USD300 million for 2016–2019, of which USD180 million for CFW and youth-targeted community services and USD20 million for the revitalisation of small and medium-sized enterprises and employment generation Source of funding : 2011–2015: Yemeni government; European Union; Islamic Development Bank; World Bank; German government/KfW Development Bank; US government; UK government; Dutch government; Saudi Development Fund; Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD); State of Kuwait; Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC); UNDP; Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (ADFD)
References
SFD. 2015. Annual Report 2015. Sana’a: Social Fund for Development. Accessed 28 July 2017. <http://sfd.sfd-yemen.org/uploads/issues/Annual%20Report%202015%20 with%20W&E%20amends%20-06%20Aug%202017-20170806-122356.pdf>. World Bank. 2016. International Development Association project paper in a proposed additional grant in the amount of SDR 184.70 million (US$250 million equivalent) to the United Nations Development Programme for a Yemen emergency crisis response project additional. Report No: PAD2154. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 28 July 2017. <https://goo.gl/PkV9R2>. World Bank. 2016. Yemen—Emergency Crisis Response Project: Appraisal Project Information Document-Integrated Safeguards Data Sheet. Emergency Crisis Response Project Additional Financing. P161806 (English). Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 28 July 2017. <https://goo.gl/G1DQq6>.

Targeting and egiblity

Targeting methods
Categorical Targeting
Geographical Targeting
Self-Targeting
i. CFW: self-targeting (since 2016: all applicants will be accommodated; however, if demand outweighs fund availability in a given community, the community will select the neediest households); ii. CCT and nutrition and heal: geographical, categorical
References
SFD. 2015. Annual Report 2015. Sana’a: Social Fund for Development. Accessed 28 July 2017. <http://sfd.sfd-yemen.org/uploads/issues/Annual%20Report%202015%20 with%20W&E%20amends%20-06%20Aug%202017-20170806-122356.pdf>. World Bank. 2016. International Development Association project paper in a proposed additional grant in the amount of SDR 184.70 million (US$250 million equivalent) to the United Nations Development Programme for a Yemen emergency crisis response project additional. Report No: PAD2154. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 28 July 2017. <https://goo.gl/PkV9R2>.
Targeted areas
Nationwide
References
SFD. 2015. Annual Report 2015. Sana’a: Social Fund for Development. Accessed 28 July 2017. <http://sfd.sfd-yemen.org/uploads/issues/Annual%20Report%202015%20 with%20W&E%20amends%20-06%20Aug%202017-20170806-122356.pdf>.
Target groups
i. CFW: poor communities; unemployed ii. CCT and nutrition and health interventions: pregnant and lactating women and their children under 5 years old who are either suffering from or vulnerable to malnutrition
References
SFD. 2015. Annual Report 2015. Sana’a: Social Fund for Development. Accessed 28 July 2017. <http://sfd.sfd-yemen.org/uploads/issues/Annual%20Report%202015%20 with%20W&E%20amends%20-06%20Aug%202017-20170806-122356.pdf>. SFD. 2014. Annual Report 2014. Sana’a: Social Fund for Development. Accessed 15 September 2017. <http://sfd.sfd-yemen.org/uploads/issues/Annual%20Report%20 Interactive%20English-20160626-223544.pdf>.
Eligibility criteria
i. CFW: at community level, needy areas have been identified based on the number of poor residents and the availability of services and quality of living conditions in the areas, based on the 2004 census and 2005-2006 Household Budget Survey as well as on qualitative tools. ii. CCT and integrated nutrition interventions: beneficiaries eligible for the SWF; beneficiary women should be pregnant or have children under 5
References
SFD. 2015. Annual Report 2015. Sana’a: Social Fund for Development. Accessed 28 July 2017. <http://sfd.sfd-yemen.org/uploads/issues/Annual%20Report%202015%20 with%20W&E%20amends%20-06%20Aug%202017-20170806-122356.pdf>. World Bank. 2016. International Development Association project paper in a proposed additional grant in the amount of SDR 184.70 million (US$250 million equivalent) to the United Nations Development Programme for a Yemen emergency crisis response project additional. Report No: PAD2154. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 28 July 2017. <https://goo.gl/PkV9R2>

Coverage and other information

Type of benefits
Cash; services
References
SFD. 2015. Annual Report 2015. Sana’a: Social Fund for Development. Accessed 28 July 2017. <http://sfd.sfd-yemen.org/uploads/issues/Annual%20Report%202015%20 with%20W&E%20amends%20-06%20Aug%202017-20170806-122356.pdf
Amount of benefits
i. CFW: USD100 for each community volunteer; each participating household is eligible to receive a maximum of USD500 (regardless of household size) in wages ii. CCT and integrated nutrition interventions: women and children in SWF beneficiary households will receive cash assistance of YER10,000 per month (about USD40) conditional on attending health education sessions and follow-up on the treatment; other mothers and children under 5 who have been screened and identified with severe or acute malnutrition will benefit from a transportation and accommodation allowance and a treatment allowance of up to YER10,000 (about USD40) per family per month
References
World Bank. 2016. International Development Association project paper in a proposed additional grant in the amount of SDR 184.70 million (US$250 million equivalent) to the United Nations Development Programme for a Yemen emergency crisis response project additional. Report No: PAD2154. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 28 July 2017. <https://goo.gl/PkV9R2>.
Payment/delivery frequency
ii. CCT and integrated nutrition interventions: monthly
References
World Bank. 2016. International Development Association project paper in a proposed additional grant in the amount of SDR 184.70 million (US$250 million equivalent) to the United Nations Development Programme for a Yemen emergency crisis response project additional. Report No: PAD2154. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 28 July 2017. <https://goo.gl/PkV9R2>.
Minimum and maximum duration of benefits (if any)
ii. CCT and integrated nutrition interventions: 12 months (6–9 months for transportation, accommodation and treatment allowance)
References
World Bank. 2016. International Development Association project paper in a proposed additional grant in the amount of SDR 184.70 million (US$250 million equivalent) to the United Nations Development Programme for a Yemen emergency crisis response project additional. Report No: PAD2154. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 28 July 2017. <https://goo.gl/PkV9R2>
Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
MIS: SFD management information system. M&E mechanisms and frequency: M&E system launched in 2002, based on the SFD management information system, field-visit project surveys, evaluation surveys and data from national surveys; impact evaluation reports are launched every three years; the World Bank has its own M&E system, which includes a grievances mechanism and beneficiary satisfaction through third-party monitoring, controlled every six months
References
World Bank. 2016. International Development Association project paper in a proposed additional grant in the amount of SDR 184.70 million (US$250 million equivalent) to the United Nations Development Programme for a Yemen emergency crisis response project additional. Report No: PAD2154. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 28 July 2017. <https://goo.gl/PkV9R2>. SFD. n.d. “Social Fund for Development.” Social Fund for Development website. Accessed 28 July 2017. <http://www.sfd-yemen.org/index.php>.