Last updated: 08/4/2024

Basic Information

Country
Geographic area
Institutions and agencies involved
Population group
Children

Programme Details

Programme objectives

To provide an integrated response to support poor families

References
UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication.
Programme components
i. Shamel: unconditional cash transfers; in-kind transfers; nutrition support; water services; housing; advocacy and awareness-raising. Cash transfer is now provided under what is called the Strategic Cash Transfer Programme
References
UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication. Ministry of Social Development, Commission of Social Safety, Solidarity and Poverty Reduction 2022, Personal communication.
Start date
2016
References
The programme started in 2011 with its old name, and the new, integrated programme started in 2016. Reference: UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication
Previous programme name (if any)
Social Support Project (SSP)/Social Initiative Programme (SIP)

Targeting and eligiblity

Targeting methods
Proxy Means Test
References
Identification of beneficiary households based on a survey conducted by the Higher Institute of Zakat Sciences in 2009 ; a PMT questionnaire is being tested in three states (December 2016), with World Bank support. References: Turkawi, A. 2015. Social Protection and Safety Nets in Sudan. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies. Accessed 27 July 2017. <http://www.ids.ac.uk/files/dmfile/ SocialprotectionandsafetynetsinSudan.pdf>. World Bank. 2016. Sudan Social Safety Net Project (P148349). Implementation Status and Results Report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 27 July 2017. <http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/954591481585178049/pdf/ISR-Disclosabl e-P148349-12-12-2016-1481585162607.pdf>.
Targeted areas
i. Shamel: all 18 states ii. Shamel school feeding programme: states with high poverty rates
References
Ministry of Welfare and Social Security. n.d. Procedures Manual of the Comprehensive Social Security Programme. Khartoum: Ministry of Welfare and Social Security. Internal archives. In Arabic. Ministry of Social Development, Commission of Social Safety, Solidarity and Poverty Reduction 2022, Personal communication. UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication.
Target groups
i. Shamel: poor households identified using criteria established by the Higher Institute of Zakat Sciences; ii. Shamel school feeding programme: schoolchildren
Eligibility criteria
i. Shamel: There are 10 criteria to identify poor families, established by the Higher Institute of Zakat Sciences. If a household has one or more of the following characteristics, it is considered poor: 1. The family does not have any income, the head of the family is unemployed, and there is no one able to work 2. The income of the head of the family is less than SDG120 per month, and the family has no income from any other source 3. The average per capita consumption of the family is less than SDG114 per month 4. The head of the family is unemployed as a result of disability, illness or lack of work 5. The total family monthly income is less than the minimum wage 6. The family is afflicted by diseases that are financially charged, and the head of the family is paid 7. The head of the family has a chronic illness and a family of six or more members, who are all in education and have no other source of income 8. The head of the household owns assets such as a house or agricultural land or a taxi that does not work, so these assets do not generate income, and he has no money to invest and a family that depends on him 9. Entrepreneurs such as carpenters, farmers and blacksmiths who do not produce enough for their sustenance and have no other income 10. Agricultural workers and shepherds who have no livestock or other income and have families of six or more members; ii. Shamel school feeding programme: The eligibility criteria and the conditionalities for service provision are mainly based on the data generated by the survey ‘inventory of poor households in Sudan’, implemented by the Higher Institute of Zakat Sciences. The survey identified and selected the states with the highest poverty rates; the further selection of localities and schools is done by the local Zakat Chamber
References
UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication

Coverage and other information

Type of benefits
i. Shamel: cash; in-kind; services; housing; ii. Shamel school feeding programme: in-kind (meals)
Amount of benefits
The amount increased in 2022 to SDG 5,000 per household per month
References
Ministry of Social Development, Commission of Social Safety, Solidarity and Poverty Reduction 2022, Personal communication.
Payment/delivery frequency
i. Shamel: monthly; ii. Shamel school feeding programme: daily
References
UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication.
Benefit delivery mechanism
i. Shamel: The Saving and Social Development Bank (SSDB) is entrusted with disbursing the cash to targeted households, along with zakat points at state level; After COVID-19, a new modality was adopted to distribute the cash through bank cards in which each eligible beneficiary, once registered, will have a bank account opened for the programmme to receive the cash support. ii. Shamel school feeding programme: in schools
References
Turkawi, A. 2015. Social Protection and Safety Nets in Sudan. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies. Accessed 27 July 2017. <http://www.ids.ac.uk/files/dmfile/ SocialprotectionandsafetynetsinSudan.pdf Ministry of Social Development, Commission of Social Safety, Solidarity and Poverty Reduction 2022, Personal communication.
Benefit recipients
ii. Shamel school feeding programme: children
Minimum and maximum duration of benefits (if any)
i. Shamel: five years; ii. Shamel school feeding programme: five years, since it is part of the Shamel project; however, the Ministry is planning to extend the duration of the project to ensure that a real impact can be achieved by implementing the scheme
References
UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication
Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
Monitoring visits (to recommend further funding and to follow the progress of implementation of the project); monthly reports submitted by the states.
References
World Bank. 2016. Sudan Social Safety Net Project (P148349). Implementation Status and Results Report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 27 July 2017. Available at: <http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/954591481585178049/pdf/ISR-Disclosable-P148349-12-12-2016-1481585162607.pdf> UNICEF Sudan. 2017. Personal communication.
MIS
New Unified Social Registry called RAAS is being developed. Technical training took place for representatives from 10 states to learn how to register beneficiaries using the new developed system. The "RAAS" platform provides future skill sets to be completed within a year. These include: o Integration of soft loan portfolio data and management through the platform and all procedures related to financing beneficiaries. o Possibility of allocating cards for beneficiaries from the states. o Preparing payment statements for state beneficiaries. o The possibility of applicants obtaining achievement badges upon completing the requirements
References
Commission of Social Safety Solidarity and Poverty Reduction 2023, Facebook page post. Accessed 13 February 2023