Last updated: 22/2/2021

Programme Details

Programme objectives

The objectives of the School Feeding Programme (SFP) is to improve the educational outcomes and nutritional status of children. 

Programme components
An iron, de-worming and vitamin A supplementation programme is carried out in collaboration with the Ministry of Health [1] School feeding is implemented through both in-kind transfers and cash transfers. For in-kind transfers, there are currently nine commodities (non-perishable) that are centrally procured through the Food Corporation of Bhutan Limited (FCBL) by the Ministry of Education and delivered to feeding schools by the FCBL. Regarding the cash transfer component, BTN 400/child/month is transferred to schools through the district administration, to aid with the purchase of perishable commodities such as vegetables, fruits and meat.
[2] Personal communication.
Conditionalities (if any)
School attendance.

Targeting and eligiblity

Targeting methods
Categorical Targeting
School Committee deliberations (oriented towards giving preference to students who live furthest from the school).
Eligibility criteria
Bhutan’s School Feeding Programme (SFP) mediates eligibility through school committee deliberations. Interestingly, Bhutan’s SFP deliberations are oriented towards giving preference to students who live furthest from the school. Students enrolled in primary boarding schools and secondary schools. Eligibility to the government-supported feeding programme is based on walking distance. If a student resides further than 5 km from a school or has to walk more than an hour, he/she is eligible for school boarding. Boarding students are eligible for school feeding, with three daily meals. Students in the central schools are also eligible for a mid-day meal. For World Food Programme supported schools, eligibility is based on vulnerability to food insecurity and other educational indicators such as enrolment, attendance and accessibility to schools. World Food Programme supported school children are provided with two meals a day (breakfast and lunch). However, World Food Programme support to school feeding with food commodities will be discontinued from 2019 onwards, at which point the children will be supported by the government under the National School Feeding Programme. Annually, the care of an agreed number of World Food Programme supported students is being transferred to the government of Bhutan.

Coverage and other information

Contribution type and amount
No contributions.
Type of benefits
Bhutan’s School Feeding Programme (SFP) tops up the school meal they deliver by providing students with deworming and vitamin supplementation. While Bhutan’s SFP only delivers food in the form of school meals to its beneficiaries, it is worth pointing out that the supply side of the programme uses a twofold strategy: the government provides non-perishable commodities to schools in-kind, along with a certain amount in cash for every child covered. Schools use this cash component to procure perishable commodities to supply the SFP programme.
Amount of benefits
Depends on the type of beneficiary. Boarders: three meals per day; day students in WFP-supported schools: two meals per day; day students in central schools: one meal per day.
[2] Personal communication.
Payment/delivery frequency
Benefit delivery mechanism
Bhutan's School Feeding Programme (SFP) is a good example of a programme that targets the individual, since each beneficiary student has to actually attend school to receive meals, and each student is considered an independent unit covered by the programme. Meals are delivered directly at schools.
Minimum and maximum duration of benefits (if any)
290 days for boarding students and about 240 days for day students in a year.
[2] Personal communication.
Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
The Royal Audit Authority produced an audit report on the programme in 2017, which recommended instituting a monitoring and inspection mechanism to ensure food quality standards and monitor children’s nutritional status.
The management information system for this programme consists in the use of Mobile Data Collection and Analytics (MDCA) platform that will integrate school-based nutrition, health and education monitoring and reporting system. It runs through an app and a web-based data collection system that has been developed with support from the regional bureau. This system has been piloted in two districts and roll out to remaining schools across the country is planned in the coming months.