Last updated: 05/3/2021
Programme objectives

To improve the educational outcomes and nutritional status of children. 

References
[1] Government of Buthan. 2017. Performance Audit Report on School Feeding Programme. <https://bit.ly/2q1kSug>. Accessed 11 May 2018. [2] Arruda, P.; Markhof, Y.; Franciscon, I.; Silva, W. and Bilo, C. 2020. Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity perspective. Research Report No. 46. International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth and UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia. < https://ipcig.org/pub/eng/RR46_Overview_of_non_contributory_social_protection_programmes.pdf>. Accessed 22 February 2021.
Country
Geographic area
Previous programme name (if any)
 
Institutions and agencies involved
Bhutan - Ministry of Education, World Food Programme, WFP
References
Government of Buthan. 2017. Performance Audit Report on School Feeding Programme. . Accessed 11 May 2018.
Start date
1976
References
[1] Government of Buthan. 2017. Performance Audit Report on School Feeding Programme. <https://bit.ly/2q1kSug>. Accessed 11 May 2018.
Programme components
An iron, de-worming and vitamin A supplementation programme is carried out in collaboration with the Ministry of Health [1] School feeding is implemented through both in-kind transfers and cash transfers. For in-kind transfers, there are currently nine commodities (non-perishable) that are centrally procured through the Food Corporation of Bhutan Limited (FCBL) by the Ministry of Education and delivered to feeding schools by the FCBL. Regarding the cash transfer component, BTN 400/child/month is transferred to schools through the district administration, to aid with the purchase of perishable commodities such as vegetables, fruits and meat [2]
References
[1] Government of Buthan. 2017. Performance Audit Report on School Feeding Programme. <https://bit.ly/2q1kSug>. Accessed 11 May 2018. [2] Personal communication. [3] Arruda, P.; Markhof, Y.; Franciscon, I.; Silva, W. and Bilo, C. 2020. Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity perspective. Research Report No. 46. International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth and UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia. < https://ipcig.org/pub/eng/RR46_Overview_of_non_contributory_social_protection_programmes.pdf>. Accessed 22 February 2021.
Conditionalities (if any)
School attendance.
Contribution type and amount
No contributions.
Targeting methods
Categorical Targeting
School Committee deliberations (oriented towards giving preference to students who live furthest from the school).
References
[1] WFP. 2016. WFP Bhutan Country Brief. <https://bit.ly/2AhjsBS>. Accessed 11 May 2018. [2] Arruda, P.; Markhof, Y.; Franciscon, I.; Silva, W. and Bilo, C. 2020. Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity perspective. Research Report No. 46. International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth and UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia. < https://ipcig.org/pub/eng/RR46_Overview_of_non_contributory_social_protection_programmes.pdf>. Accessed 22 February 2021.
Targeted areas
Nationwide.
References
[1] WFP. 2016. WFP Bhutan Country Brief. <https://bit.ly/2AhjsBS>. Accessed 11 May 2018. [2] Arruda, P.; Markhof, Y.; Franciscon, I.; Silva, W. and Bilo, C. 2020. Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity perspective. Research Report No. 46. International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth and UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia. < https://ipcig.org/pub/eng/RR46_Overview_of_non_contributory_social_protection_programmes.pdf>. Accessed 22 February 2021.
Target groups
Children.
Eligibility criteria
Students enrolled in primary boarding schools and secondary schools [1]. Eligibility to the government-supported feeding programme is based on walking distance. If a student resides further than 5 km from a school or has to walk more than an hour, he/she is eligible for school boarding. Boarding students are eligible for school feeding, with three daily meals. Students in the central schools are also eligible for a mid-day meal. For World Food Programme supported schools, eligibility is based on vulnerability to food insecurity and other educational indicators such as enrolment, attendance and accessibility to schools. World Food Programme supported school children are provided with two meals a day (breakfast and lunch). However, World Food Programme support to school feeding with food commodities will be discontinued from 2019 onwards, at which point the children will be supported by the government under the National School Feeding Programme. Annually, the care of an agreed number of World Food Programme supported students is being transferred to the government of Bhutan. [2]
References
[1] WFP. 2016. WFP Bhutan Country Brief. <https://bit.ly/2AhjsBS>. Accessed 11 May 2018. [2] Personal communication.
Eligibility reassessment (if any)
 
Type of benefits
Food and deworming sessions.
References
Arruda, P.; Markhof, Y.; Franciscon, I.; Silva, W. and Bilo, C. 2020. Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity perspective. Research Report No. 46. International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth and UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia. < https://ipcig.org/pub/eng/RR46_Overview_of_non_contributory_social_protection_programmes.pdf>. Accessed 22 February 2021.
Amount of benefits
Depends on the type of beneficiary. Boarders: three meals per day; day students in WFP-supported schools: two meals per day; day students in central schools: one meal per day.
References
Personal communication.
Payment/delivery frequency
 
Benefit delivery mechanism
Meals are delivered directly at schools.
Benefit recipients
Students.
Minimum and maximum duration of benefits (if any)
290 days for boarding students and about 240 days for day students in a year.
References
Personal communication.
Coverage
75,000 students (2019)
References
[1] WFP Asia & Pacific. 2019. “A brighter Future for Bhutan’s Children: Yesterday’s School Meals Recipient, Today’s First Woman Minister.” World Food Programme Insight Web Page. https://insight.wfp.org/a-brighter-future-for-bhutans-children-b798b331410a Accessed 04/11/2019. [2] Arruda, P.; Markhof, Y.; Franciscon, I.; Silva, W. and Bilo, C. 2020. Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity perspective. Research Report No. 46. International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth and UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia. < https://ipcig.org/pub/eng/RR46_Overview_of_non_contributory_social_protection_programmes.pdf>. Accessed 22 February 2021.
Programme expenditure
Budget of the fiscal year 2015-16: BTN212,360,000.00 Expenditure of the fiscal year 2015-16: BTN145173344.01
References
Government of Buthan. 2017. Performance Audit Report on School Feeding Programme. <https://bit.ly/2q1kSug>. Accessed 11 May 2018.
Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
 
Legal Framework
 
MIS
The management information system for this programme consists in the use of Mobile Data Collection and Analytics (MDCA) platform that will integrate school-based nutrition, health and education monitoring and reporting system. It runs through an app and a web-based data collection system that has been developed with support from the regional bureau. This system has been piloted in two districts and roll out to remaining schools across the country is planned in the coming months (2018).
References
[4] WFP. 2018. WFP Bhutan: Country Brief. https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/WFP-0000100462.pdf?. Accessed 17 January.
Population Group
Children