Last updated: 23/11/2022

Basic Information

Geographic area

Programme Details

Programme objectives

The objectives of the Rural Economic Advancement Programme (REAP) is to reduce the poverty levels of selected communities by promoting sustainable livelihood activities.

Programme components
Component 1 is implemented by local governments and comprises supply of agriculture machinery; income generating activities; access to food and nutrition; and targeted activities for the poorest households. Component 2 is implemented by the Tarayana Foundation and comprises improvement of housing; health and sanitation; self-help groups; training and development of skills; income-generating activities; access to food and nutrition.
Start date
Conditionalities (if any)
No conditionalities.

Targeting and eligiblity

Targeted areas
Bhutan’s Rural Economy Advancement Programme (REAP) is a great example on resorting to geographical targeting mechanisms that roll out programmes such that they cover the areas most affected by a given vulnerability targeted. As it concentrates its Sustainable livelihoods programmes (SLP) and training opportunities on the poorest areas. For example,109 villages covering 20 dzongkhags (administrative and judicial districts of Bhutan), with priority given to the 75 poorest villages in 18 dzongkhags.
Target groups
Bhutan’s Rural Economy Advancement Programme (REAP) targets poor people, but it does not assess individual households’ income or consumption levels through an Means Test (MT) or Proxy Means Test (PMT). Rather, it targets regions with the highest poverty prevalence and grants access to all households within such areas (Low-income households).
Eligibility criteria
Village selection was based on 11 indicators: land; access to road; distance to market; extension services; education; health; access to safe drinking water; electricity; environment; disaster vulnerability; and population.

Coverage and other information

Contribution type and amount
No contributions.
Amount of benefits
Assets such as agricultural machinery and cattle are distributed through the programme. The programme also carries out training in income-generating activities.