Last updated: 24/3/2022

Basic Information

Country
Geographic area

Programme Details

Programme objectives

NFA’s mandate is to ensure food security and the stabilisation of the supply and price of rice and maize.

References
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.
Programme components
Rice price support and procurement Buffer stock scheme
References
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.
Start date
1981
References
The NFA was formally established only in 1981, however the rice subsidy programme dates to the 1960s, when the rice and maize administration was established. Fernandez, L., and R. Velarde. 2012. “Who Benefits from Social Assistance in the Philippines?” Philippine Social Protection Note, No. 4. Washington, D.C.: World Bank <http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/863971468107643783/pdf/694160BRI0P1180PUBLIC00FINAL0PSPN04.pdf>. Accessed 18 May 2018.
Coverage
The programme reached an estimated 5.2 million households (28 per cent of the country’s households) in 2009.
References
Fernandez, L., and R. Velarde. 2012. “Who Benefits from Social Assistance in the Philippines?” Philippine Social Protection Note, No. 4. Washington, D.C.: World Bank <http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/863971468107643783/pdf/694160BRI0P1180PUBLIC00FINAL0PSPN04.pdf>. Accessed 18 May 2018.
Programme expenditure
PHP7,000,000,000 for the buffer stocking programme was listed under the NFA's budget for 2018.
References
Republic of the Philippines. 2018. National Expenditure Program, Volume III. Manila: Republic of the Philippines. <https://www.dbm.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/NEP2018/NEP%202018-VOLUME%20III.pdf>. Accessed 16 May 2018.

Targeting and eligiblity

Targeting methods
Geographical Targeting
Self-Targeting
References
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.
Targeted areas
Nationwide. However, the NFA has specifically targeted rice-deficient areas and provinces classified under the Accelerated and Sustainable Anti-Poverty Programme (ASAPP) for the Human Development and Poverty Reduction Cabinet Cluster (HDPRCC).
References
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.

Coverage and other information

Type of benefits
Food subsidies.
Amount of benefits
Prices are set to ensure farmers’ returns and consumer protection. From 2012 to 2017, the support/procurement price was set at PHP17.00/kg (plus a PHP0.30/kg cooperative development incentive fee, PHP0.20/kg delivery incentive, and a PHP0.20/kg drying incentive). The subsidised wholesale and retail prices range from PHP25/kg milled to PHP27/kg, respectively. Under the buffer stock scheme, NFA keeps a year-round 15-day strategic rice reserve (SRR) in government depots to be deployed in times of emergency and a 30-day government rice buffer stock (GRBS), inclusive of the 15-day SRR.
References
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.
Benefit delivery mechanism
Rice is sold to accredited retailers.
References
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.
Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
Warehouse owners should submit quarterly reports on actual rice stocks to the NFA, which, in turn, must submit its own quarterly reports to the Department of Budget and Management and the Congressional Oversight Committee on Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization, listing farmers and sellers per province, as well as the volume of rice purchased and stock updates.
References
WTO. 2018. “Trade Policy Review - Report by the Secretariat - The Philippines.” WT/TPR/S/368. World Trade Organization. <https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s368_e.pdf>. Accessed 25 July 2018.