Last updated: 08/5/2019

Basic Information

Country
Geographic area

Programme Details

Programme objectives

Conditional transfer programme (CCT), one of the most important in the region. It started in 1997 with the name Progresa (Education, Health and Nutrition) and attended rural areas only. In 2001, it changed to the current name and began its expansion into semi-urban and urban areas. That year changes were made ​​to the management of the programme and new benefits were added. Since its inception, it has been one of the programmes with more impact evaluation reports in several areas. In recent years new cash transfers have been incorporated, such as the energy support, the elderly and food support "vivir mejor". The main aim of these transfers is to alleviate consequences of the crisis on families budgets caused by international food prices rising. From 2010, the programme operates the Food Support Programme (PAL), which embraces all the food supports.

 

Programme components
i) Apoyo alimentario (Food Support); ii) Apoyo útiles escolares (Support for school supplies); iii) Apoyo educación (Education support); iv) Papilla (Baby food); v) Paquete básico de salud (Basic health package); vi) Jóvenes con oportunidades (Youth with opportunities education grant); vii) Apoyo energético (Energy subsidy); viii) Apoyo adultos mayores (Elderly support); ix) “Vivir mejor“ food support component; x) “Vivir mejor“ child support component.
Previous programme name (if any)
Progresa
Conditionalities (if any)
i) Apoyo alimentario (Food Support): Health: Attendance at scheduled medical checks (for all household members, frequency differentiated according to age) Food: Use food support for households benefit and consume nutritional supplements. Others: attendance at health counseling. Sanctions: Monthly suspension if the family does not attend health controls or counseling sessions. If the family does not withdraw food supplements or fortified milk, depending on the frequency with which service providers provide this information, In two consecutive bimesters. Permanent suspension if the recipient or other members of the household sell or exchange food supplements or fortified milk received from the programme. ii) Apoyo útiles escolares (Support for school supplies): Education: 85% of school attendance; iii) Apoyo educación (Education support): Education: School attendance (85% attendance).Sanctions:Monthly suspension if students do not certify primary school attendance or if they accumulate a three-month suspension, or if they have 12 or more unexcused absences. For secondary school students if there is no certification of school attendance. Indefinite suspension if repeting the same course for the third time. Suspension is definitive if duplication of the beneficiary in the Integrated System of Registries is detected, if secondary school students have been receiving the state benefit for more than 4 years or drop out for two or more semesters, and if primary school students accumulate two annual suspensions because they have had 12 unjustified absences during the school year. iv) Papilla (Baby food): Health counseling sessions attendance v) Paquete básico de salud (Basic health package): Health: Preventive medical check ups attendance. Other: Health counseling sessions attendance. Sanctions:Monetary support may be suspended indefinitely, if in two consecutive semesters the household does not justify the health actions recorded in the National Health Card of all household members. vi) Jóvenes con oportunidades (Youth with opportunities education grant): Youth must be active beneficiary of the Oportunidades programme and end high school before age 22. Sanctions:The beneficiaries that decide to reenrollment on a high school system, will not have the right to receive a new transfer. vii) Apoyo energético (Energy subsidy): Health counseling sessions attendance. Sanctions: Monthly suspension if the family does not attend health controls or counseling sessions. viii) Apoyo adultos mayores (Elderly support): Health: Assistance to health controls every 6 months. Sanctions:Definitive suspension if not attending health check-ups for two or more consecutive semesters, if beneficiary of the "70 and over" pension, household abandonment, and death of the recipient. ix) “Vivir mejor“ food support component: Food: Use food support for household`s benefit and consume nutritional supplements. Health: Health counseling sessions attendance. Sanctions: Monthly suspension if the family does not attend health controls or counseling sessions. If the family does not withdraw food supplements or fortified milk, depending on the frequency with which service providers provide this information. Definitive suspension in case of food supplements sale. x) “Vivir mejor“ child support component: Food: Targeting benefits for household food and nutritional supplements consumed; Identification: Birth certificate; Education: School enrollment; Sanctions:Monthly suspension if the household does not attend health controls or counseling sessions. Definitive suspension if the child is a beneficiary of educational support component of Oportunidades and in case of sale of dietary supplements.

Targeting and eligiblity

Targeted areas
Nationwide. For the selection of the areas to be covered by the programme, all the areas of the country are taken into account, taking as reference the index of social backwardness established by Coneval, and the deprivation index established by Conapo.
Eligibility criteria
Instrument of selection: Single Socio-economic Data Questionnaire (CUIS): i) Apoyo alimentario (Food Support): All beneficiary households of the programme; ii) Apoyo útiles escolares (Support for school supplies): Families with children attending primary and secondary education; iii) Apoyo educación (Education support): Families with children attending primary, secondary and upper-middle school; iv) Papilla (Baby food): Children 4 to 23 months old; Children aged between 2 and 5 years with malnutrition; Pregnant / breastfeeding women (up to 1 year); v) Paquete básico de salud (Basic health package): All beneficiary households with members aged 15 years; vi) Jóvenes con oportunidades (Youth with opportunities education grant): Students between 3rd year of junior high school and 4th year of high school; vii) Apoyo energético (Energy subsidy): All beneficiary households of the programme; viii) Apoyo adultos mayores (Elderly support): Adults over 70 years of age; ix) “Vivir mejor“ food support component: All beneficiary households of the programme; x) “Vivir mejor“ child support component: Children between 0 and 9 years.
Eligibility reassessment (if any)
The recertification was done every three years until 2012. Differentiated Support Scheme (EDA): Families are recertified on the sixth year of receiving support and then they pass to the EDA. In the EDA, they continue to receive support (except for food and educational support for children attending the elementary level) for another six years, after which they graduate from the programme. Since 2012, a new criteria is included for the selection of municipalities for recertification: a lower Social Backwardeness Indez (IRS); each municipality will be recertificated each 5 years; the temporality of the families who transit through the EDA, based on the integrants from 12 to 21 years old.

Coverage and other information

Amount of benefits
i) Apoyo alimentario (Food Support): MN$ 315/monthly; Maximum per household: One transfer per household; ii) Apoyo útiles escolares (Support for school supplies): Minimum amount of MN$ 210 in the first delivery for year( the second is of MN$ 110) and maximum amount of MN$ 415 per year; Maximum per household: One transfer per household; iii) Apoyo educación (Education support): Minimum amount of MN$ 165/monthly and maximum of MN$ 1285; Maximum per household:Limit depends on the number of transfers received by the household; iv) Jóvenes con oportunidades (Youth with opportunities education grant): MN$ 4.599 and MN$ 5.956 (in the urban model) once at the conclusion of high school; v) Apoyo adultos mayores (Elderly support): MN$ 345/monthly; Maximum per household:mit amount by the number of transfers received by the household; vi) “Vivir mejor“ food support component: MN$ 130/monthly; Maximum per household: One transfer per household; vii) “Vivir mejor“ child support component: MN$ 115/monthly with a maximum of thre supports per households (MN$ 345); Transfers are subject to a biannual increase calculated according to the national consumer price index (CPI) of the basic basket, published by the Bank of Mexico.
Payment/delivery frequency
i) Apoyo alimentario (Food Support): Bimonthly; ii) Apoyo útiles escolares (Support for school supplies): Primary education: Twice a year, Secondary Education: Once a year; iii) Apoyo educación (Education support): Bimonthly; iv) Jóvenes con oportunidades (Youth with opportunities education grant): At the conclusion of high school; v) Apoyo energético (Energy subsidy): Bimonthly; vi) Apoyo adultos mayores (Elderly support): Bimonthly; vii) “Vivir mejor“ food support component: Bimonthly; viii) “Vivir mejor“ child support component: Bimonthly.
Benefit delivery mechanism
Cash withdrawal; Deposit in bank account;
Benefit recipients
i) Apoyo alimentario (Food Support): Mothers; ii) Apoyo útiles escolares (Support for school supplies): Mothers; iii) Apoyo educación (Education support): Mothers; iv) Jóvenes con oportunidades (Youth with opportunities education grant): Student; v) Apoyo energético (Energy subsidy): Mothers; vi) Apoyo adultos mayores (Elderly support): Direct beneficiary; vii) “Vivir mejor“ food support component: Mothers; viii) “Vivir mejor“ child support component: Mothers.
Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
Legal Framework
Decree that creates the National Coordination of the Human Development Programme, Oportunidades. It is a decentralized agency of the Ministry of Social Development, with technical autonomy (March 2002);
MIS
Single Socio-economic Data Questionnaire (CUIS), Integrated Government Programme Registration System (SIIPP-G), Georeferenced data System.