Last updated: 03/6/2024

Basic Information

Institutions and agencies involved
Population group
Poor households, Working age group

Programme Details

Programme objectives

Enhance food security by: (i) increasing production of maize and rice, the two major staple crops in Tanzania; (ii) improving farmers’ access to modern inputs; and (iii) strengthening private sector seed and inorganic fertiliser supply chains.

Targeting and eligiblity

Targeted areas
The NAIVS programme was originally piloted in two districts and then expanded to 58 districts distributed across 11 Regions in 2008/09. When the World Bank funding was requested, it was anticipated that the program would ultimately expand to 12 high potential maize growing Region. The rice subsidy would be directed to farmers growing rice in formal irrigation schemes in the same Regions. By 2011/12, the peak year of voucher distribution, the NAIVS had effectively been expanded to become a nationwide programme. While the dominant share of input subsidy vouchers continued to be distributed in the 12 Regions originally designated, every other rural Region in the country received at least small quantities of vouchers.
Eligibility criteria
To qualify, a farmer had to be a full time farmer in good repute, cultivating less than one hectare of maize or rice, willing to follow the advice of extension workers, willing to co-finance the inputs (pay 50 percent of the input cost), and willing to verify his or her use of the inputs. Preference was to be given, within this population, to female headed households and farmers who had purchased little or no inputs during the previous five years.

Coverage and other information

Amount of benefits
Roughly 80 percent of the vouchers were allocated to maize farmers. These included vouchers for 10 kg of either an improved open pollinated maize variety, or a maize hybrid, suitable for planting approximately one acre of land. District extension officers decided in advance whether a village would receive the voucher for the open pollinated variety or the hybrid seed. The remaining 20 percent of vouchers offered 15 kg of paddy seed – suitable for approximately one acre of irrigated rice. The second voucher was for one 50 kg bag of diammonium phosphate basal fertilizer, or two 50 kg bags of Minjingu Rock Phosphate (MRP). The third voucher was for 50 kg of top dress fertilizer which was almost universally designated as urea. Farmers in a few areas were allowed to alternatively purchase ammonium sulphate. In 2011/12, the subsidy was valued at between Tsh 60,000 (US$38) and Tsh 68,000 (USD$43).
Minimum and maximum duration of benefits (if any)
Targeted farmers were to receive vouchers for 3 consecutive years, after which they were expected to ‘graduate’ from the programme with enough experience and income to purchase fertiliser and seed at commercial prices.