Last updated: 21/4/2021

Basic Information

Country
Geographic area
Institutions and agencies involved
Nepal - सङ्घीय मामिला तथा सामान्य प्रशासन मन्त्रालय, MOFALD (Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration), UK Department for International Development, DFID
References
OPML. 2014. “Social protection through public works in Nepal: Improving the Karnali Employment Programme.” Briefing Note. . Accessed 23 July 2018.
Population Group
Ethnic groups, Persons with disabilities, Women, Mothers, Working age group

Programme Details

Programme objectives

The programme aims to generate rural employment, addressing poverty, food insecurity and distress migration while improving rural infrastructure. The objective is providing 100 days of work.

References
ILO. 2017. An analytical briefing on the social security sector in Nepal. International Labour Organization. Kathmandu: International Labour Organization and Ministry of Labour and Employment of Nepal. <https://bit.ly/2AjOIQy>. Accessed 16 May 2018.
Programme components
If employment is not provided to the applicants, they are entitled to receive a cash payment which serves as unemployment insurance
References
ILO. 2017. An analytical briefing on the social security sector in Nepal. International Labour Organization. Kathmandu: International Labour Organization and Ministry of Labour and Employment of Nepal. <https://bit.ly/2AjOIQy>. Accessed 16 May 2018.
Start date
2006
References
OPML. 2014. “Social protection through public works in Nepal: Improving the Karnali Employment Programme.” Briefing Note. <https://bit.ly/2R0WN1Y>. Accessed 23 July 2018.
Coverage
100,000 participants (2018)
References
Arruda, P.; Markhof, Y.; Franciscon, I.; Silva, W. and Bilo, C. 2020. Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity perspective. Research Report No. 46. International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth and UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia. < https://ipcig.org/pub/eng/RR46_Overview_of_non_contributory_social_protection_programmes.pdf>. Accessed 22 February 2021.
Programme expenditure
Expenditure of NPR161.2 million (USD2.1 million) in 2009
References
Rana, Arun S. 2012. “Nepal: Updating and Improving the Social Protection Index”. Asian Development Bank. <https://bit.ly/2S1D2bV>. Accessed 16 May 2018.

Targeting and egiblity

Targeting methods
Geographical Targeting
Community-Based Targeting
Self-Targeting
References
[1] OPML. 2014. “Social protection through public works in Nepal: Improving the Karnali Employment Programme.” Briefing Note. <https://bit.ly/2R0WN1Y>. Accessed 23 July 2018. [2] Arruda, P.; Markhof, Y.; Franciscon, I.; Silva, W. and Bilo, C. 2020. Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity perspective. Research Report No. 46. International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth and UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia. < https://ipcig.org/pub/eng/RR46_Overview_of_non_contributory_social_protection_programmes.pdf>. Accessed 22 February 2021.
Targeted areas
Five districts in the Karnali region
References
Harris, Daniel, Anna McCord, and Sony KC. 2013. Politics of a national employment guarantee cheme in Nepal: A initial assessment of feasibility. London: Overseas Development Institute. <https://bit.ly/2q04pX7>. Accessed 16 May 2018.
Target groups
Working age population. Community based decisions are meant to give priority to ethnic groups, people with disabilities, pregnant women and mothers, Dalits, female headed households and households with a high dependency ratio
References
OPML. 2014. “Social protection through public works in Nepal: Improving the Karnali Employment Programme.” Briefing Note. <https://bit.ly/2R0WN1Y>. Accessed 23 July 2018.
Eligibility criteria
Any household in Karnali with an unemployed member. The sole enrolment limitation is that those who volunteer for work are of the legal age to do so.
References
[1] ILO. 2017. An analytical briefing on the social security sector in Nepal. International Labour Organization. Kathmandu: International Labour Organization and Ministry of Labour and Employment of Nepal. <https://bit.ly/2AjOIQy>. Accessed 16 May 2018. [2] Arruda, P.; Markhof, Y.; Franciscon, I.; Silva, W. and Bilo, C. 2020. Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity perspective. Research Report No. 46. International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth and UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia. < https://ipcig.org/pub/eng/RR46_Overview_of_non_contributory_social_protection_programmes.pdf>. Accessed 22 February 2021.

Coverage and other information

Type of benefits
Cash
References
Arruda, P.; Markhof, Y.; Franciscon, I.; Silva, W. and Bilo, C. 2020. Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity perspective. Research Report No. 46. International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth and UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia. < https://ipcig.org/pub/eng/RR46_Overview_of_non_contributory_social_protection_programmes.pdf>. Accessed 22 February 2021.
Amount of benefits
Programme participants receive a basic daily wage of NPR250 (2014/15), plus a supplementary wage based on the participant’s output
References
Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development. 2014. Karnali Employment Programme: Project Implementation Manual. <https://bit.ly/2AiAa3u>. Accessed 16 May 2018.
Payment/delivery frequency
Each day worked every fortnight
References
[1] OPML. 2014. “Social protection through public works in Nepal: Improving the Karnali Employment Programme.” Briefing Note. <https://bit.ly/2R0WN1Y>. Accessed 23 July 2018. [2] Arruda, P.; Markhof, Y.; Franciscon, I.; Silva, W. and Bilo, C. 2020. Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity perspective. Research Report No. 46. International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth and UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia. < https://ipcig.org/pub/eng/RR46_Overview_of_non_contributory_social_protection_programmes.pdf>. Accessed 22 February 2021.
Benefit delivery mechanism
Benefits are paid in cash in the worksites
References
[1] OPML. 2014. “Social protection through public works in Nepal: Improving the Karnali Employment Programme.” Briefing Note. <https://bit.ly/2R0WN1Y>. Accessed 23 July 2018. [2] Arruda, P.; Markhof, Y.; Franciscon, I.; Silva, W. and Bilo, C. 2020. Overview of non-contributory social protection programmes in South Asia from a child and equity perspective. Research Report No. 46. International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth and UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia. < https://ipcig.org/pub/eng/RR46_Overview_of_non_contributory_social_protection_programmes.pdf>. Accessed 22 February 2021.
Benefit recipients
Beneficiaries themselves
References
ILO. 2017. An analytical briefing on the social security sector in Nepal. International Labour Organization. Kathmandu: International Labour Organization and Ministry of Labour and Employment of Nepal. <https://bit.ly/2AjOIQy>. Accessed 16 May 2018.
Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
Many instruments are in place at the local level for record-keeping and reporting, such as attendance records, work progression and completion reports. A management and information system has been created by Karnali Employment Technical Assistance (KEPTA) consortium . This system should contribute to the monitoring process.