Last updated: 06/3/2024

Programme Details

Programme objectives


The major objectives of Girinka Program include: reducing poverty through dairy cattle farming; improving livelihoods through increased milk consumption and income generation; improving agricultural productivity through the use of manure as fertilizer; and improving soil quality and reducing erosion through the planting of grasses and trees. 

Programme components
(i) Distribution of cows to poor families. (ii) Accompanying measures (package of artificial insemination inputs, veterinary services, fodder seeds, animal feeds, training farmers on husbandry skills, organization in cooperatives and linking beneficiaries to milk collection centers)
(i) Rwanda Governance Board. 2018. Assessing Grinka Programme (2006-2016). Citizens Perspectives. Accessible at Accessed 26 February 2024 (ii) Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources. 2015. Annual Report FY 2014-2015. Accessible at Accessed 22 February 2024

Targeting and eligiblity

Eligibility criteria
Village members selected Girinka beneficiaries through making a list of poor households that should benefit. The criteria considered in the selection of beneficiaries are: (i) the beneficiary must not already own a cow, (ii) the beneficiary must be a person of integrity (Inyangamugayo) in the community and be able to practice the basic animal management, (iii) the beneficiary must be considered by his/her community as poor and have less or no other source of income, (iv) the beneficiary must have at least 0.25-0.75 hectares, and those who have less than 0.25 hectares must join to form a common cowshed (Igikumba) for their cows, (v) the selected beneficiary must construct a cowshed before he/she receives the cow, (v) the beneficiary must be ready for training in basic animal husbandry practices (nutrition, breeding, housing, and disease control and management practices).

Coverage and other information

Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
The Rwanda Agricultural and Livestock Development Board (RAB) is responsible for program monitoring and Evaluation. Monitoring and evaluation is done in partnership with local government institutions such as the Umurenge (sector), Akagali (cell) and Umudugudu.