Last updated: 09/6/2022

Basic Information

Country
Geographic area
Population group
Refugees, Working age group

Programme Details

Programme objectives

The Project Development Objective is to strengthen the enabling environment for economic opportunities in cities where there is a high influx of displaced people. This will be pursued by increasing the returnees' access to civil documents, providing short-term employment opportunities, improving market enabling infrastructure, and supporting investor friendly regulatory reforms.

Programme components
1) Regional and national integration of displaced persons: support Afghan refugees and their voluntary repatriation; technical assistance, institutional support and training, necessary equipment, and operational assistance to MOFA to: (a) enhance capacity to provide consular services (such as issuance of passports and verification of certificates); (b) develop and implement a joint communication strategy for MOFA and MORR to disseminate information to Afghan refugees in Pakistan (c) support day-to-day implementation of Component 1 of the Project. 2) Short term employment opportunities and market enabling infrastructure under ILDG: increase economic opportunities in cities that fall under IDLGs mandate and that face a high influx of displaced people; 2.1) creating short term employment opportunities: grants of up to USD 27,000 disbursed directly to 1,160 community developemnt councils (CDCs) to provide short term employment (40 labor days) to most vulnerable HHs of these communities; 2.2) market enabling infrastructure: provsion of grants of up to USD 200,000 to Gozars (4-5 CDCs = 1 Gozar) and Business Gozars (100-300 small and micro enterprises = 1 business gozar) for them to invest in priority market enabling infrastructure. Select high business density areas to establish Business Gozars and identify and recommend specifically impactful investments for them through “Gozar and Business Gozar Assessment (G/BG-A)”. 2.3) Support for Municipal Level Regulatory and Process Reforms: supporting the assessment and implementation of municipal level regulatory and process reforms in government to business services (e.g. obtaining permit, taxes, business registration) 2.4) Component 2 Management: implementation is conducted within CCAP project’s existing Project Implementation Unit under IDLG and any additional operational and management costs occuring through taking on the EZ-Kar project in addition will be covered 3) Prioritized Urban Investments in 4 Provincial Capitals: 3.1) Prioritized Urban Investments: disbursion of a grant to each city to finance priority urban investments (buildings and public spaces (e.g. restoration of public markets or historic/cultural sights), road and traffic management (e.g. parking facilities, paving of flood-prone streets), streetscape improvements (e.g. energy-efficient street lighting)) selected through consultations led by municipalities, with participation of Municipal Advisory Boards (MABs) and the private sector. 3.2) Project Preparation: financing of component 3) feasibility studies, detailed engineering designs, construction supervision, and monitoring and evaluation for a budget equal to USD 5 mio 4) Market Enabling Infrastructure and Reforms for Kabul Municipality: 4.1) Regulatory and Process Reforms 4.2) Prioritized Urban Investments 4.3) Component 4 Management: 4) will be implemented by the Kabul Municipality Development Program (KMDP)’s PIU; 4.1) covers any extra administrative and operative expenses accruing as a result 5) Red Carpet and Program Coordination: 5.1) National Level Regulatory Reforms: support the achievement of investor friendly (“red carpet”) regulatory reforms 5.2) Program Coordination: EZ-Kar is an inter-ministerial effort with a number of implementing agencies (IAs) under the administrative lead of the MoE; under this sub-component, the mode of cooperation, roles, responsibilities and reporting timelines of the IAs and the MoE will be established; furthermore it finances the operational planning, capacity building, management information and reporting systems, grievance redress mechanisms (GRM), human resource management, communications, donor and field coordination, financial management (FM) and procurement functions, mixed method evaluations and safeguard oversight;
Programme expenditure
Disbursed by 2021: USD 28.21 million. Total Project budget: USD 200 million; Costs by program component: Regional and National Integration of Displaced Persons:(Cost $4.50 M) Short Term Employment Opportunities, Reforms, and Market Enabling Infrastructure under IDLG:(Cost $121.80 M) Prioritized Urban Investments in Four Provincial Capital Cities:(Cost $18.75 M) Market Enabling Infrastructure and Reforms for Kabul Municipality:(Cost $40.00 M) Red Carpet and Program Coordination:(Cost $8.70 M)

Targeting and eligiblity

Targeted areas
It targets Afghan refugees living in Pakistan and in 13 Afghan provincial capital cities with the highest influx of recent returnees. The 13 cities are Asadabad, Firozkoh, Herat, Jalalabad, Kabul, Kandahar, Khost, Kunduz, Maimana, Mihtarlam, Paroon, Puli Khumri, and Taloqan.

Coverage and other information

Amount of benefits
2.1) Maintenance and Construction Cash Grant: 35 percent of the total households in the community x 40 days @ AFN 350/day = 60 percent of the total grant amount. The wage rate is proposed at AFN 350 per day for unskilled labor and AFN 650 per day for skilled labor. 2.2) Gozar Grant Agreements (with GAs) and Business Gozar Agreement (with BGAs): up to US$200,000 will be channeled to each GA/BGA for investing in priority market enabling infrastructure. 3.1) Performance grant allocations for Prioritized Urban Investments (Priority Projects) will be awarded against achievement of specific performance criteria in three cycles. Furthermore, budget allocation per participating city will be allotted according to the number of returnees in the past 3 years (2016‐2018). As such the four participating cities will receive the following allocations: Jalalabad (US$9million); Kandahar (US$4million); Herat (US$ 4million) and Khost (US$3million).
Payment/delivery frequency
Component 2: one installment Component 3 and 4: 3 tranches (5% to kick-start, 45% upon implementation of reforms outlined under component 3, 50% upon achievement of public financial management and construction permit reforms)
Benefit delivery mechanism
CDC grants: IDLG makes single-tranch payment to each CDC CfW: In cash as with MCCG
Benefit recipients
CDCs (component 2.1) Gozars and Business Gozars (component 2.2) Cities (component 3 and 4: priority projects)
Minimum and maximum duration of benefits (if any)
2.1) 40 days max. per HH
Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
Each Implementation Agency (IA) will be responsible for all their own M&E and reporting for the component they implement. Ministry of Economy (MoEC) will coordinate with the IAs, consolidate their progress reports every quarter, update the results framework, and ensure that M&E systems across the IAs are functioning well. The reports from the IAs and site visits will be gathered on a monthly basis, which will be entered into the project Management Information System (MIS) that will be managed by MoEC. The MIS will be used to generate Quarterly Progress Reports (QPRs) that will be shared with the World Bank.
MIS
Under Component 2, the CCAP MCCG has a functional M&E MIS platform, which will be updated and used for the EZ‐Kar activities. At the project level, MoEC will develop a simple MIS, that will be fed by data provided by the MISs of other implementing agencies. The simple project‐level MIS will allow MoEC to consolidate and generate reports based on data fed by the implementing agencies’ MISs and periodic reports to be submitted to MoEC.