Last updated: 24/3/2022

Basic Information

Country
Geographic area
Population group
Children

Programme Details

Programme objectives

To provide social assistance to the poorest and most vulnerable Lebanese households, including health care, education and nutritional support;

Legal framework: The NPTP has been officially established as an ‘Emanating Project’ by Ministerial decree, which legislates the NPTP as an official unit within the MoSA

References
World Bank. 2016. “The National Poverty Targeting Program (NPTP) Briefing Note.”Unpublished report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Internal archives. UNICEF Lebanon. 2017. Personal communication.
Programme components
i. payment of the beneficiary portion of health bills in public and private hospitals (by waiving 10–15 per cent for hospitalisation fees; ii. coverage of prescriptions for chronic disease medications through Ministry of Public Health centres; iii. registration fee waivers and free books for students in secondary public schools; iv. discounts on electricity bills submitted to Electricité du Liban (Electricity of Lebanon) and food baskets for unemployed elderly people with small household sizes; v. food assistance through e-card vouchers
References
World Bank. 2017. Emergency National Poverty Targeting Project (P149242). Implementation Status & Results Report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 26 July 2017.<http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/687291483982228556/pdf/ISR-Disclosable-P149242-01-09-2017-1483982216388.pdf>. UNICEF Lebanon. 2017. Personal communication.
Start date
2007
References
NPTP started as a pilot in 2007 and was scaled up nationally in 2011; the E-NPTP was introduced in 2014 with support from the Lebanon Trust Fund; World Bank. 2016. “The National Poverty Targeting Program (NPTP) Briefing Note.”Unpublished report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Internal archives.
Previous programme name (if any)
National Poverty Targeting Programme (NPTP)
Coverage
108,012 beneficiary households (456,819 individuals) eligible to receive health and education benefits as of October 2016; e-card food vouchers: 10,008 households (42,883 individuals) as of October 2016 (2); 19,457 students benefited from fee waivers in the 2015-2016 school year, and 11,730 people benefited from subsidised hospital admissions in 2016
References
World Bank. 2016. “The National Poverty Targeting Program (NPTP) Briefing Note.” Unpublished report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Internal archives.
Programme expenditure
Total initial project cost for the ENPTP for 2014–2017: USD213.93 million, of which USD84.9 million from the Government of Lebanon, USD8.2 million from the World Bank (through the Trust Fund for Lebanon Grant); E-card financing for November 2014 to May 2017: total USD21.9 million, of which USD10.8 million from the World Bank, USD7.3 million from the German government, USD3.2 million from UNHCR and USD735,000 from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund; Source of funding: World Bank; Lebanese government; German government
References
World Bank. 2016. “The National Poverty Targeting Program (NPTP) Briefing Note.” Unpublished report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Internal archives. World Bank. 2014. Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Grant in the amount of 8.2 million USD to the Lebanese Republic for an Emergency National Poverty Targeting Program Project. Report No: PAD1030. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 26 July 2017. <https://goo.gl/bSrCym>. World Bank. 2017. Emergency National Poverty Targeting Project (P149242). Implementation Status & Results Report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 26 July 2017. <http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/687291483982228556/pdf/ISR-Dis closable-P149242-01-09-2017-1483982216388.pdf>.

Targeting and eligiblity

Targeting methods
Proxy Means Test
References
Note: the initial PMT formula was developed in 2011 based on Lebanon’s 2004-2005 Household Budget Survey, and the NPTP databases are based on this formula; in 2016 the World Bank (in parternship with the Lebanese government) updated the PMT formula, and it will be gradually used for the recertification of all beneficiaries. Reference: World Bank. 2016. “The National Poverty Targeting Program (NPTP) Briefing Note.” Unpublished report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Internal archives.
Targeted areas
No geographical targeting; however, most extremely poor Lebanese households are located in North Lebanon and Bekaa governorates, where 95 per cent of e-card food vouchers beneficiaries live; five governorates (Caza) account for 90 per cent of the amount redeemed, namely Aakkar, Tripoli, Minyeh-Donneyeh, Baalbeck and Hermel
References
Republic of Lebanon. 2015. Emergency National Poverty Targeting Program: Temporary E-Card Food Voucher November 2014–February 2015. Beirut: Presidency of the Council of Ministers, Cent ral Management Unit. Accessed 27 July 2017. <http://nptp.pcm.gov.lb/Cultures/ar-LB/publications/docs/Documents/Redeemed%20Amounts%20and%20Transactions%20Nov_14%20-%20Feb_15.pdf>.
Target groups
Extremely poor households based on the national lower poverty line; children
References
World Bank. 2016. “The National Poverty Targeting Program (NPTP) Briefing Note.” Unpublished report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Internal archives.
Eligibility criteria
Lebanese households interested in joining the programme are required to contact the nearest SDC and ask to be registered. Applicants are expected to produce necessary documents and agree to be visited by a Social Inspector (SI). The SI then visits the household to gather information to assess its poverty level based on a PMT formula. The test includes questions to assess the applicant’s standard of living, such as their employment status, level of education, marital status, physical ability, housing condition, assets owned and their geographical location. If the score is under a determined threshold that corresponds to the lower poverty line, the household is registered as a beneficiary. The poorest NPTP beneficiaries are eligible for food vouchers
References
World Bank. 2017. Emergency National Poverty Targeting Project (P149242). Implementation Status & Results Report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Accessed 26 July 2017.<http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/687291483982228556/pdf/ISR-Disclosable-P149242-01-09-2017-1483982216388.pdf>. Kukrety, N., Oxfam and Issam Fares Institute of American University Beirut. 2016. Poverty, Inequality and Social Protection in Lebanon. Beirut: Institute of American University Beirut. Accessed 26 July 2017.<https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/file_attachments/rr-poverty-inequality-social-protection-lebanon-200116-en_0.pdf>.
Eligibility reassessment (if any)
According to the MoSA, once the ranking is established, the database can be used to target different types of social assistance to the neediest and most venerable households, and both household welfare and the PMT formula are periodically reassessed; however, there is currently no case management system in place to keep track of the programme’s impact on beneficiaries; recertification is taking place, and around 40,000 (out of 105,000) households have already been reassessed based on the revised PMT
References
World Bank. 2016. “The National Poverty Targeting Program (NPTP) Briefing Note.” Unpublished report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Internal archives. UNICEF Lebanon. 2017. Personal communication.

Coverage and other information

Type of benefits
Health care benefits; school fee waivers; food vouchers
References
World Bank. 2016. “The National Poverty Targeting Program (NPTP) Briefing Note.” Unpublished report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Internal archives.
Amount of benefits
Food voucher (e-card): USD27 capped at six individuals per household (the voucher’s value decreased from USD30 to USD27 in August 2016)
References
Government of Lebanese Republic. 2017. Food Security Indicators and Redeemed Amounts of the E-Card Food Voucher Beneficiary Households May – September 2016. Presidency of the Council of Ministers. Accessed 27 July 2017. <http://nptp.pcm.gov.lb/Cultures/ar-LB/publications/docs/Documents/Food_Security_Indicators_September2016.pdf>.
Payment/delivery frequency
E-card food voucher: monthly; households can redeem e-cards at around 450 shops contracted by the WFP throughout Lebanon
References
Republic of Lebanon. 2015. Emergency National Poverty Targeting Program: Temporary E-Card Food Voucher November 2014–February 2015. Beirut: Presidency of the Council of Ministers, Cent ral Management Unit. Accessed 27 July 2017. <http://nptp.pcm.gov.lb/Cultures/ar-LB/publications/docs/Documents/Redeemed%20Amounts%20and%20Transactions%20Nov_14%20-%20Feb_15.pdf>. Government of Lebanese Republic. 2017. Food Security Indicators and Redeemed Amounts of the E-Card Food Voucher Beneficiary Households May – September 2016. Presidency of the Council of Ministers. Accessed 27 July 2017. <http://nptp.pcm.gov.lb/Cultures/ar-LB/publications/docs/Documents/Food_Security_Indicators_September2016.pdf>.
Benefit delivery mechanism
i) Halla cards can be used to access education and health benefits at the local level through SDCs, local clinics and the Ministry of Education and Higher Education (through payment exemptions); ii) e-card food voucher
References
World Bank. 2016. “The National Poverty Targeting Program (NPTP) Briefing Note.” Unpublished report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Internal archives. Kukrety, N., Oxfam and Issam Fares Institute of American University Beirut. 2016. Poverty, Inequality and Social Protection in Lebanon. Beirut: Institute of American University Beirut. Accessed 26 July 2017.<https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/file_attachments/rr-poverty-inequality-social-protection-lebanon-200116-en_0.pdf>.
Benefit recipients
Head of household or applicant
References
Kukrety, N., Oxfam and Issam Fares Institute of American University Beirut. 2016. Poverty, Inequality and Social Protection in Lebanon. Beirut: Institute of American University Beirut. Accessed 26 July 2017.<https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/file_attachments/rr-poverty-inequality-social-protection-lebanon-200116-en_0.pdf>.
Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and frequency
MIS: A national database of the beneficiaries of NPTP is organised by the MoSA; household information is collected by Social Inspectors working at SDCs during the initial household visits and through PMT questionnaires
References
World Bank. 2016. “The National Poverty Targeting Program (NPTP) Briefing Note.” Unpublished report. Washington, DC: World Bank. Internal archives.