Regarding beneficiary identification, it is important to note that both the BISP and EK operate based on the
NSER, which is Pakistan’s main unified registry, established by the national Poverty Score Card Survey in 2010 and covering 27 million households or roughly 85 per cent of the population at this point. However, this survey was executed by pen and paper and did not provide for any ex-post updating of beneficiary data—for example, in the event of a change in the socio-economic situation of a household, or postsurvey registration through web- or desk-based registration of households missed in the 2010 survey round.
This means that an update of beneficiary information as is currently under way through a new, digital survey with
provisions for ongoing registration and desk-based enrolment is a pressing need. Furthermore, EK now uses data analytics on a number of profiling criteria (such as government employment, tax data, car ownership and travel history) that serve as exclusion criteria to address the BISP’s high inclusion errors
 IPC-IG. 2020. Pakistan’s social protection response to the COVID-19 pandemic: the adequacy of Ehsaas Emergency Cash and the road ahead No. 188.
<https://www.ipcig.org/sites/default/files/pub/en/WP188_Pakistan_s_social_protection_response_to_the_COVID_19.pdf >. Accessed April 2021