Last updated: 24/3/2022

Basic Information

Country
Geographic area

Programme Details

Programme objectives

To address the unique needs of specific groups of the poor population.

References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Programme components
These assistance programmes provide support for education, housing and health costs, as well as temporary support in case of emergencies.
References
Personal communication
Start date
2004
References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Coverage
EA: over 91 million students (2016), including students from pre-school, compulsory education, senior middle school, vocational education, and university HA: 40 million urban households (2014) MA: 91,190,000 applicants were assisted (2014) TA: 6,507,000 families (2014)
References
Liguo, Li. 2015. “Reform and Development of China’s Social Assistance against the Background of the New-type Urbanization”. Speech delivered at the Sixth South-South Learning Forum. <http://pubdocs.worldbank.org/en/603551448987687432/SSLF-2015-Mr-Lis-speech-EN.pdf>. (accessed 11 May 2018). World Bank. 2014. For the Dream of People’s Livelihood: China’s Social Assistance in Action. <http://pubdocs.worldbank.org/en/87531448987686332/China-Social-Assistance-in-Action.pdf> (in Chinese). Accessed 11 May 2018. Ministry of Education. 2016. China Student Financial Development Report. Available at <http://www.moe.gov.cn/jyb_xwfb/xw_zt/moe_357/jyzt_2016nztzl/2016_zt14/16zt14_ywq/201703/t20170314_299503.html > (in Chinese). Accessed 23 July 2018.
Programme expenditure
EA: CNY 168.876 billion (2016) HA: CNY 36.5 billion (from January to September 2015) MA: CNY 25,26 billion (2014) TA: CNY 5.76 billion (2014)
References
Liguo, Li. 2015. “Reform and Development of China’s Social Assistance against the Background of the New-type Urbanization”. Speech delivered at the Sixth South-South Learning Forum. <http://pubdocs.worldbank.org/en/603551448987687432/SSLF-2015-Mr-Lis-speech-EN.pdf>. (accessed 11 May 2018). World Bank. 2014. For the Dream of People’s Livelihood: China’s Social Assistance in Action. <http://pubdocs.worldbank.org/en/87531448987686332/China-Social-Assistance-in-Action.pdf> (in Chinese). Accessed 11 May 2018. Ministry of Education. 2016. China Student Financial Development Report. Available at <http://www.moe.gov.cn/jyb_xwfb/xw_zt/moe_357/jyzt_2016nztzl/2016_zt14/16zt14_ywq/201703/t20170314_299503.html > (in Chinese). Accessed 23 July 2018.

Targeting and eligiblity

Targeting methods
Means Test
Categorical Targeting
References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Targeted areas
Nationwide
References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Target groups
EA: students (pre-school to university) from poor households HA and MA: poor households TA: poor households in an emergency situation
References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Personal communication
Eligibility criteria
EA: students from households benefiting from Tekun (combination of the former urban Sanwu and rural Wubao) and Dibao programmes, or other poor students identified by local governments HA: urban Dibao households and rural families with severe housing needs MA: Dibao and Tekun households as well as poor families with severe medical needs TA: emergency-affected vulnerable households, or those severely affected by illness; Dibao and other families with urgent needs
References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Personal communication

Coverage and other information

Type of benefits
Cash, in-kind benefits and social support services
Amount of benefits
EA: provision of free education for Tekun children and fee waivers for Dibao children for the duration of compulsory education and, if necessary, for high school education HA: provision of low-rent housing, rent subsidies and housing renovation subsidies MA: health insurance premiums, reimbursements of doctor visits, and inpatient treatments TA: cash assistance, temporary housing and medical treatment. The average benefit level per family in 2014 was CNY885.20
References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press. World Bank. 2014. For the Dream of People’s Livelihood: China’s Social Assistance in Action. <http://pubdocs.worldbank.org/en/87531448987686332/China-Social-Assistance-in-Action.pdf> (in Chinese). Accessed 11 May 2018.
Payment/delivery frequency
Delivery under these programmes is provided on the basis of needs, with no specific frequency
Benefit recipients
Beneficiaries themselves