Last updated: 16/2/2024

Programme Details

Programme objectives

To address the unique needs of specific groups of the poor population.

References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Programme components
These assistance programmes provide support for education, housing and health costs, as well as temporary support in case of emergencies.
References
Personal communication
Start date
2004
References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Coverage
(i) Education assistance: Near 100 million students (2018); (ii) Housing assistance: 40 million urban households (2014); (iii) Medical assistance: 81.86 million people in basic medical insurance and 118.29 million outpatient and hospital assistance (2022); (iv) Temporary assistance: 6,480,000 recipients (by June 2022).
References
(i) The People's Republic of China. (2019). In 2018, my country sponsored nearly 100 million students from various families with financial difficulties (Chinese). Accessible at https://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2019-07/11/content_5408481.htm. Accessed on 15/09/2023; (ii) The People's Republic of China. (2022). By the end of June, a total of 6.480 million temporary relief had been provided nationwide (in Chinese). Accessible at https://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2022-07/29/content_5703334.htm. Accessed on 15/09/2023; (iii) The People's Republic of China. (2023). The number of people participating in the national basic medical insurance reached 1.34 billion (in Chinese). Accessible at https://www.gov.cn/lianbo/bumen/202307/content_6891049.htm. Accessed on 15/09/2023 (iv) Liguo, Li. 2015. “Reform and Development of China’s Social Assistance against the Background of the New-type Urbanization”. Speech delivered at the Sixth South-South Learning Forum. . (accessed 11 May 2018). World Bank. 2014. For the Dream of People’s Livelihood: China’s Social Assistance in Action. (in Chinese). Accessed 11 May 2018. (v) Ministry of Education. 2016. China Student Financial Development Report. Available at (in Chinese). Accessed 23 July 2018.
Programme expenditure
(i) Education assistance: CNY 153.766 billion-excluding the nutrition improvement programme (2022); (ii) Housing assistance (2021): Public rental housing: CNY 23.25 billion, rent subsidy: CNY 42.07 billion, rental subsidies for affordable housing: CNY 5.01; (iii) Medical assistance: CNY 52.08 billion (2021); (iv) Techincal assistance: CNY 20.04 billion (2021).
References
(i) Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of China. (2021). National General Public Budget Expenditure for 2021 (in Chinese). Accessed at http://yss.mof.gov.cn/2021zyjs/202207/t20220728_3830482.htm. Accessed on 15/09/2023; (ii) Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of China. (2022). Budget table of urban and rural compulsory education subsidies in 2022 (in Chinese). Accessed at https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/view.aspx?src=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.gov.cn%2Fzhengce%2Fzhengceku%2F2022-05%2F11%2F5689704%2Ffiles%2Fcdfa550b4c21459683ce7fae86ab3ffe.xls&wdOrigin=BROWSELINK. Accessed on 15/09/2023.

Targeting and eligiblity

Targeting methods
Means Test
Categorical Targeting
References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Targeted areas
Nationwide
References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Target groups
(i) Education assistance: students (pre-school to university) from poor households (ii) Housing and medical assistance: poor households (iii) Temporary assistance: poor households in an emergency situation
References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Personal communication
Eligibility criteria
(i) Education assistance: students from households benefiting from Tekun (combination of the former urban Sanwu and rural Wubao) and Dibao programmes, or other poor students identified by local governments; (ii) Housing assistance: urban Dibao households and rural families with severe housing needs; (iii) Medical assistance: Dibao and Tekun households as well as poor families with severe medical needs; (iv) Temporary assistance: emergency-affected vulnerable households, or those severely affected by illness; Dibao and other families with urgent needs.
References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Personal communication

Coverage and other information

Type of benefits
Cash, in-kind benefits and social support services
Amount of benefits
(i) Education assistance: provision of free education for Tekun children and fee waivers for Dibao children for the duration of compulsory education and, if necessary, for high school education (ii) Housing assistance: provision of low-rent housing, rent subsidies and housing renovation subsidies (iii) Medical assistance: health insurance premiums, reimbursements of doctor visits, and inpatient treatments (iv) Temporary assistance: cash assistance, temporary housing and medical treatment. The average benefit level per family in 2014 was CNY885.20
References
Gao, Qin. 2017. Welfare, Work and Poverty: Social Assistance in China. Oxford: Oxford University Press. World Bank. 2014. For the Dream of People’s Livelihood: China’s Social Assistance in Action. <http://pubdocs.worldbank.org/en/87531448987686332/China-Social-Assistance-in-Action.pdf> (in Chinese). Accessed 11 May 2018.
Payment/delivery frequency
Delivery under these programmes is provided on the basis of needs, with no specific frequency