Last updated: 12/3/2024

Programme Details

Programme objectives

It is intended for citizens who cannot support themselves financially, once they are assessed as temporarily or permanently destitute.

Coverage
In FY 2019/20, there were 38,973 beneficiaries, 37,556 of which received a cash payment in addition to their food basket or electronic food card.
Programme expenditure
Expenditure for FY 2018/19 were estimated at BWP 351.9 million (US$ 32.7 million) for the food basket BWP 90.1 million (US$ 8.4 million) for cash benefits.

Targeting and eligiblity

Targeting methods
Proxy Means Test
Community-Based Targeting
Social worker assessment
References
(i)Statistics Botswana. 2021. Social Safety Nets- Stats Brief. Accessible: https://www.statsbots.org.bw/sites/default/files/publications/Social%20Safety%20Nets%20Stats%20Brief.pdf Accessed 08 March 2024 (ii) The World Bank. 2022. Botswana Social Protection Programs and Systems Review. Accessible: https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/099645103062256866/pdf/P1721750af4ddb0ce098d30b331412b0ab8.pdf Accessed 10 March 2024
Target groups
A permanent destitute is an individual who is unable to sustain themselves due to disability, chronic health condition, or insuffi cient assets and income sources. A temporarily destitute person is one who is temporarily incapacitated or unable to support themselves due to floods, fire, motor vehicle accidents, ill-health, etc. .
Eligibility criteria
A permanent destitute is an individual who is unable to sustain themselves due to disability, chronic health condition, or insuffi cient assets and income sources. A temporarily destitute person is one who is temporarily incapacitated or unable to support themselves due to floods, fire, motor vehicle accidents, ill-health, etc. In addition, destitute persons are those whose monthly income does not exceed BWP120.00 (without dependants) or BWP150.00 (with dependants). For Cash Allowance (2017): (i) possessing not more than four livestock units and (ii) earning or receiving an income of less than P120/month without dependents or less than P150/month with dependents. For In-Kind Allowance (2017): (i) should be a registered destitute person approved and registered by a District or Town Council on a temporary or permanent basis, (ii) should be a registered destitute person approved and registered by a District or Town Council on a temporary or permanent basis and (iii) needy student is a dependent of a registered destitute person or a graduated orphan who is still attending school.
References
(i)Government of Botswana. n.d. Destitute Allowance. Accessible: https://www.gov.bw/allowances/destitute-allowance-0 Accessed 08 March 2024 (ii)Statistics Botswana. 2021. Social Safety Nets- Stats Brief. Accessible: https://www.statsbots.org.bw/sites/default/files/publications/Social%20Safety%20Nets%20Stats%20Brief.pdf Accessed 08 March 2024 (iii) The World Bank. 2022. Botswana Social Protection Programs and Systems Review. Accessible: https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/099645103062256866/pdf/P1721750af4ddb0ce098d30b331412b0ab8.pdf Accessed 10 March 2024
Eligibility reassessment (if any)
Temporary beneficiaries are reassessed every six months; permanent beneficiaries are supposed to be reassessed every two years; however, permanent beneficiaries are rarely reassessed due to the assumption that they suffer from irreversible conditions (old age, ill-health and disability).

Coverage and other information

Type of benefits
Cash, in-kind (food or electronic food card), subsidies/fee exemptions.
References
(i) Statistics Botswana. 2021. Social Safety Nets- Stats Brief. Accessible: https://www.statsbots.org.bw/sites/default/files/publications/Social%20Safety%20Nets%20Stats%20Brief.pdf Accessed 08 March 2024 (ii) The World Bank. 2022. Botswana Social Protection Programs and Systems Review. Accessible: https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/099645103062256866/pdf/P1721750af4ddb0ce098d30b331412b0ab8.pdf Accessed 10 March 2024
Amount of benefits
The food basket and electronic card are valued at between BWP 500-600 (US$ 46.9-55.8) per month. In addition, each destitute person receives a cash benefit of BWP 300 (US$ 27.9) per month. Destitute Persons Program beneficiaries are also eligible for various other in-kind benefits, including shelter, burial, and other basic needs. All categories of destitute persons are exempted from payment of publicly provided services, including medical fees, school fees, water charges, service levies, and electricity charges.
Benefit delivery mechanism
The food basket is payable in-kind in the form of actual commodities or in the form of a Smart Switch electronic food coupon that can be used for point-of-sale (POS) purchases in designated private shops. Commodities are provided in areas where shops do not have POS facilities. Cash benefits are payable at post offices or designated pay points.