Last updated: 29/2/2024

Basic Information

Country
Geographic area
Population group
Elderly persons

Programme Details

Programme objectives

To meet the needs of the increasing elderly population.

References
Castanas et al. 2016. ‘Leave no one behind: Community-driven urban development in Thailand’, International Institute for Environmental and Development Working Papers, London, <http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/16629IIED.pdf> (accessed 22 May 2018).
Start date
1993
References
The pension scheme started in 1993 as a targeted programme and was expanded to all elderly citizens in 2009.
Previous programme name (if any)
Universal Pension Scheme

Targeting and eligiblity

Eligibility criteria
Starting in 2024, individuals reaching the age of 60 will undergo an income evaluation to determine eligibility for social pension benefits. Only those who demonstrate insufficient income to sustain themselves will qualify. However, existing recipients, comprising all elderly citizens aged 60 and above (excluding civil servants or permanent government employees), will retain their entitlement to this support. Eligible beneficiaries must register with local authorities and registration happens once a year.
References
(i) Ministry of Interior regulations (2023): ว่าด้วยหลักเกณฑ์การจ่ายเงินเบี้ยยังชีพผู้สูงอายุขององค์กรปกครองส่วนท้องถิ่น [Concerning the criteria for paying living allowances for the elderly of local government organizations]. Available online at https://ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/documents/140D192S0000000000300.pdf. Accessed on 07/11/2023. (ii) International Labour Organization 2016. ‘Universal persions in Thailand’, International Labour Organization, (accessed 22 May 2018). (iii) Castanas et al. 2016. ‘Leave no one behind: Community-driven urban development in Thailand’, International Institute for Environmental and Development Working Papers, London, (accessed 22 May 2018).

Coverage and other information

Amount of benefits
Amount of benefits by age group: THB 600 per month - 60–69 years THB 700 per month - 70–79 years THB 800 per month - 80–89 years THB 1,000 per month - 90 years and above
References
Castanas et al. 2016. ‘Leave no one behind: Community-driven urban development in Thailand’, International Institute for Environmental and Development Working Papers, London, <http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/16629IIED.pdf> (accessed 22 May 2018).
Payment/delivery frequency
Monthly
References
Castanas et al. 2016. ‘Leave no one behind: Community-driven urban development in Thailand’, International Institute for Environmental and Development Working Papers, London, <http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/16629IIED.pdf> (accessed 22 May 2018).
Benefit delivery mechanism
The beneficiary or a proxy registered by local authorities may receive the pension in cash; or have the pension transferred to a bank account. Bank fees may apply if the account is not from the Krungthai Bank.
References
International Labour Organization 2016. ‘Universal persions in Thailand’, International Labour Organization, <http://www.social-protection.org/gimi/gess/RessourcePDF.action?ressource.ressourceId=53962> (accessed 22 May 2018).
Benefit recipients
Beneficiary themselves or authorized proxy.
References
International Labour Organization 2016. ‘Universal persions in Thailand’, International Labour Organization, <http://www.social-protection.org/gimi/gess/RessourcePDF.action?ressource.ressourceId=53962> (accessed 22 May 2018).
Minimum and maximum duration of benefits (if any)
Benefits last for the lifetime of beneficiaries.
Legal Framework
ว่าด้วยหลักเกณฑ์การจ่ายเงินเบี้ยยังชีพผู้สูงอายุขององค์กรปกครองส่วนท้องถิ่น [Concerning the criteria for paying living allowances for the elderly of local government organizations]