Why does in-kind assistance persist when evidence favors cash transfers?
Cash transfers are the epicenter of social protection action. Such programs are shielding up to nearly 800 million people from inflation, they covered 1.3 billion individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic, and their use in humanitarian settings more than doubled over the past 5 years. Yet, in-kind transfers remain widespread. In fact, programs delivering food and other stuff generally reach more people than cash transfers throughout low- and middle-income countries (figure 1). Why is that the case? Read More