Social Protection for Employment Community, SPEC

SPEC Infographic Series: Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Act (MGNREGA) – India

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Act (MGNREGA) is an employment guarantee program implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development in India. It is based on an Act passed in 2005, which makes a legislative commitment to provide work as a right. The program therefore follows a rights-based approach: all rural households have the right to demand work for up to 100 days a year and local government has the duty to provide it. The act also seeks to create durable assets to augment land and water resources, improve rural connectivity and strengthen the livelihood resource base of the rural poor. There is some geographical variation in implementation, largely determined by socio-cultural factors. MGNREGA is the largest Public Employment Program in the world.

Social Protection for Employment Community (SPEC), supported by DFAT and GIZ, has published a series of 9 infographics on employment generation programs linked to social protection. These programs aim to boost productivity and income and build resilience of the poor. The objective of the infographics is to help readers learn the key features of these programs. They also provide links for further learning. This infographic on Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Act (MGNREGA) – India​ is one of the infographics published by SPEC