United Nations Children's Fund, UNICEF
Transfer Project

The Effects of Transfers on Intra-household Time Allocation: Evidence from Northern Uganda

I use data from a cluster randomized controlled trial of a food and cash transfer intervention in Karamoja, Uganda, targeted to households with young children and aimed at increasing food security and early child development. I aim to understand if transfer of resources has additional impacts which spill over into domains beyond primary objectives and onto children not directly meant to benefit from the programme. The cash transfer – although not framed as a livelihood programme – improved household productive investments and adults’ labour supply. There is also a positive impact on children’s workloads as children help their parents with agricultural activities. The child work effect does not affect children’s schooling but rather comes at the expense of leisure time. Overall, I find no impact on intrahousehold allocation for the food treatment arm.