Ghana - Government Profile

Ghana Productive Safety Net Project 2 (GPSNP 2): Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF)

The World Bank has supported the Government of Ghana to strengthen its social protection system since 2010 through various interventions including the Ghana Social Opportunities Project (GSOP) implemented from 2010 to 2018, and the Ghana Productive Safety Net Project (GPSNP, which became effective in July 2019 and is currently under implementation. GPSNP had the objective of supporting GoG to strengthen safety net systems that improve the productivity of the poor. During the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, the GPSNP was instrumental in supporting the delivery of additional cash transfers to LEAP beneficiaries, and other targeted poor and vulnerable individuals outside of safety nets programming, using existing systems and processes. The project also reduced hours of work for Labor-intensive Public Works beneficiaries while maintaining daily wages. GPSNP was restructured in August 2020 to intensify the Government’s social safety net response to the pandemic. Specifically, funds have been reallocated within the project to allow for previous and planned emergency cash transfers to existing LEAP program beneficiaries and to new beneficiary groups. The project will exhaust its financing by March 2022.

In response to these dire effects, particularly to the poor and vulnerable, and based on lessons from the emergence of COVID-19, the Ghana Productive Safety Net Project 2 (GPSNP2) is being designed to build on the gains made through GPSNP and GSOP. This new project is proposed to undertake more significant social protection actions to promote relief and recovery for poor, vulnerable, and hard-hit populations, with an increased focus of support to the urban poor. The Project Development Objective is to support the Government to expand and enhance social safety nets that improve the incomes and productivity of the poor. GPSNP 2 seeks to improve productivity, social inclusion, expanding income earning opportunities to poor households, and providing relief to extremely poor households due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. The focus areas of this project will be: (i) expansion of LEAP cash transfers program; (ii) scale up of productive inclusion activities; (iii) scale up of labor-intensive public works (LIPW); and (iv) consolidation and decentralization of systems strengthening activities, and linkages to social services. The proposed new project will also include a contingency component – CERC – to allow for additional financing arising from any future large-scale, negative shocks.