develop_region: 
East Asia & Pacific
iso2: 
VN
iso3: 
VNM
Continent: 
Asia
Official name: 
Socialist Republic of Viet Nam

Why is social protection vital to ensure that no person with a disability is left behind?

Labour migration is a key feature of the ASEAN labour market and is expected to continue to increase over the coming years. It has a significant economic impact on individuals, households and countries of destination and origin. Yet, access to social protection for migrant workers remains limited due to lack of portability arrangements, legislative barriers, discrimination, and poor compliance with existing social security laws. This report provides an overview of the developments, challenges, and prospects of social protection for migrant workers in ASEAN.

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Nguyễn Doãn Tú, general director of the Ministry of Health’s General Department for Population and Family Planning, spoke with Tuổi Trẻ (Youth) newspaper about changes to the number of children per family and the necessity of adjusting population (INTERVIEW): policies in the country. The General Office for Population and Family Planning has recently conducted a survey on  family building and fertility awareness of Vietnamese adults.

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OPINION: Countries in ASEAN have achieved strong economic growth and substantially reduced poverty over the past 20 years. Deep political commitment to effective policies has lifted over 100 million people out of poverty since 2000. ASEAN as a whole has been a standout success story in its overall development. Yet on average, education, skill development and health indicators are below what is expected given ASEAN’s income levels. Protecting ASEAN’s impressive gains over the past two decades will require prioritizing investments in people — that is, human capital.

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Because malnutrition in early life significantly affects the physical and mental development of children, addressing malnutrition is fundamental to the development of Vietnam’s human capital. Economic development of the nation depends on the strength, resilience, and intelligence of its workforce.

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The Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs will propose that the Government reduce the eligible age for social welfare benefits from 80 to 75. Việt Nam has over 11 million senior citizens and 6.5 million people with disabilities. About 7.2 million elderly people live in the country. The majority of these people face difficulties and have limited access to social services.
 

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The complementarity of social protection and disaster risk management (DRM) is increasingly acknowledged by ASEAN. Accordingly, this study, the overarching research question of which is: What factors enable social protection systems and programmes in ASEAN countries to be responsive to shocks and to deliver an effective response?

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It is a universal assumption that mothers are the ones who take care of children, but more fathers are now taking time off to look after their new-born babies and their partners soon after childbirth. Countries worldwide are setting benchmarks for policies to support men’s involvement in parenting with a focus on paternity leave. 

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Information and communication technology resources are vital elements for governance in social security institutions, Ortiz D. Maribel, of the International Social Security Association, said.

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Vietnam has recorded continuous expansion of unemployment insurance coverage over the last 10 years with the number of people under this scheme approximating 13 million at present. Deputy Director of the department Le Quang Trung said the impact of unemployment on economic, political and social stability in each country is considerable. It is one of the basic causes of economic stagnation since a high unemployment rate is accompanied by income decrease.

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