The article analyses the effect of taxes and benefits on income distribution of six Latin American countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Uruguay, and Venezuela. The analysis makes use of tax-benefit microsimulation models based on harmonized household representative survey data and developed within the structure of EUROMOD. The analysis focuses on the relative importance of tax-benefit instruments across countries and on the effect of taxes and benefits on poverty and inequality.
How much redistribution and poverty reduction is being accomplished in Latin America through social spending, subsidies, and taxes? Standard fiscal incidence analyses applied to Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay using a comparable methodology yields the following results. Direct taxes and cash transfers reduce inequality and poverty by nontrivial amounts in Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay but less so in Bolivia, Mexico, and Peru. While direct taxes are progressive, the redistributive impact is small because direct taxes as a share of GDP are generally low.
Women face significant economic, social, and cultural challenges that limit their access to markets, quality jobs, and entrepreneurship and income-generation strategies. The big question among policy makers, development agencies, and researchers in the fi¬eld of women’s economic empowerment is how to effectively improve women’s economic empowerment through income-generation strategies, training, and social programs. Conventional measures of economic empowerment have used employment, income, and education as proxies.
In order to understand the paths followed by countries that have managed to integrate information systems from different public institutions for the improvement of social protection policies, the Brazil Learning Initiative for a World without Poverty (WWP) asked five countries policy makers with successful experiences in the field.
1 - Chile
2 - Uruguay
3 - Australia
4 - Latvia
5 - Argentina
The 2017 ISSA Good Practice Award for Americas has been presented to the Social Insurance Bank, Uruguay for an innovation that extends social security coverage to workers in the sharing economy.
The results of the regional competition, which is held every three years, were announced at a ceremony on 22 November 2017 during the Regional Social Security Forum for the Americas in Montevideo. The competition drew 62 entries from 21 organizations in 10 countries.