The dramatic increase in working from home due to the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the poor working conditions experienced by many homeworkers who, prior to the crisis, numbered an estimated 260 million people worldwide.
The document analyzes the social protection responses of ten Latin American countries since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in mid-March 2020. The first section outlines the social context at the time the pandemic hit, case selection of the ten countries examined, and data on existing social protections. The second section provides an overview of income protection responses in response to COVID-19, in the ten countries, assessing speed, breadth and sufficiency.
On 3 December 2020, the ISSA Social Security Virtual Summit for the Americas brought together more than 500 administrators, managers and experts in the field from across the region. Under the theme Towards a new normal: Challenges and opportunities, the Virtual Summit was an opportunity to take stock of the dynamic social security responses to COVID-19 and to assess the long-term challenges and lessons learnt in this region.
Many countries provide paid family leave to increase female labor force participation, improve gender equality, and foster family wellbeing. Yet, a large percentage of women do not return to work after maternity leave. Can a policy that allows flexible reintroduction to work increase labor force participation after childbirth? To answer this question, I study a unique subsidy implemented in Uruguay in 2014 that allows mothers to work half-time while receiving full-time pay for four months after maternity leave ends.
This chapter has two goals: the first is to conduct a comparative analysis of the compulsory and contributory unemployment protection systems in four countries (Spain, Italy, Argentina and Uruguay) participating in the INCASI project: What are their similarities and differences?; the second aim is to analyse the trends in the reforms of the unemployment benefit systems. To do so we ask: Despite the differences between countries, are there common trends in the reform policy?
La crisis económica que está provocando el COVID-19 es un evento que no tiene precedentes en la economía moderna y probablemente tenga asociados los efectos más disruptivos desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial, o incluso, desde la Gran Depresión. Muestra de ello es la reacción de la política económica en todo el mundo, que también carece de antecedentes re- cientes.